Policy Instruments

Conventional signs and markings
SummaryFirst principles assesmentEvidence on performancePolicy contributionComplementary instrumentsReferences


BSI (1983). BS 873-1:1983 Road traffic signs and internally illuminated bollards. British Standards Institute (also BS873 Nos 2 to 8 on this and related topics)

Department of Transport (1994) The design and use of directional informatory signs; ltn1/94, HMSO, London.

Department of Transport (1995) Traffic signs to tourist attractions and facilities in England; cr3/95, London.

Department for Transport (2002) Traffic signs regulations and general directions, DFT, London.

DFT (2002) Traffic Signs Manual, Department for Transport London.

Drakopoulos, A. and Vergou, G. (2003). An evaluation of the converging chevron pavement marking pattern installed on the I94 at the Mitchell Interchange south to west ramp in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, AA Association for Traffic Safety.

Elvik, R. and Vaa, T., (2003) The Handbook of Road Safety Measures. NY, Amsterdam, Elsevier science (Forthcoming)

IHT (1997) Transport in the Urban Environment, Institution of Highways and Transportation, London.

Jeffery, D.J. (1981). The potential benefits of route guidance. LR997. Crowthorne. TRRL.

Miller, T.R., (1992a) Benefit-cost analysis of lane marking, Transportation Research Record, Issue: 1334, December 1992. pp 38-45.

Palmer, D. (1998). Road signs their contribution to integrated transport. Highways and Transportation, March 1998

Surrey County Council (2004). Data for the A24 Gibbons Grove Roundabout to Swanworth Lane provided by Surrey County Council. (Pers Comm to MVA 25/6/04)

TRB (2000) Highway Capacity Manual 2000, Transportation Research Board, Washington DC.


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Text edited at the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT