Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Dr Tony Fowkes

Visiting Reader in Transport Econometrics

Room: LG.12
Email: A.S.Fowkes@its.leeds.ac.uk_

Key Research Interests

  • Mathematical modelling
  • Demand forecasting
  • Stated Preference experimental design
  • Rail transport
  • Freight

 Employment History

  • 2004-present: Reader in Transport Econometrics, Institute for Transport Studies
  • 1997-2004: Senior Lecturer, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.
  • 1993-1997: Senior Lecturer, Leeds University Business School and the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.
  • 1989-1993: Lecturer, School of Business and Economic Studies and the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.
  • 1984-1989: BR Research Fellow (from 1987 Senior Research Fellow) in Rail Transport, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.
  • 1983-1984: Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.
  • 1981-1983: Research Fellow, School of Economic Studies, University of Leeds; Part Time Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds; Part Time Lecturer, Leeds Polytechnic.
  • 1976-1981: Research Officer, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds.

Education

  • BA (Hons), Economics with Statistics, IIi, University of Leeds, 1971.
  • PhD, School of Economic Studies, University of Leeds, 1978

 Research Projects and Experience

  • Several studies of rail demand, including the Network South East Quality of Service study; overcrowding on Regional Railways trains,
  • Several studies into the value of travel time savings, both passenger and freight, and into willingness to pay to improve other journey attributes, eg. reliability, - most recently in the context of the M6 Toll Road (for DfT).
  • Several applications of Leeds Adaptive Stated Preference eg. Regarding the reactions of shippers and forwarders in the face of road tolls or closures (for Highways Agency) and at the value they place on shorter transit times, greater reliability, and mode of their choice (for the Strategic Rail Authority).
  • Project manager at Leeds for many projects, including 2 EU projects (STEMM and SOFTICE)
  • Generated projects with a value to Leeds ITS of over £1 million.

Professional Engagements

  • On the editorial advisory board of the JOURNAL OF CHOICE MODELLING.
  • Considerable amount of refereeing for journals, and research councils.

Teaching

Began class teaching in 1971 and lecturing in 1973. Have lectured modules in first year statistics, second year maths & stats, second year macroeconomic theory, third year physical distribution and logistics; Masters level statistics, principles of transport modelling, freight transport planning and management; and conversion courses for students studying to become accountants. Ceased class teaching in 2011.

Papers

  • Moreno-Quintero E; Fowkes T; Watling D (2013) Modelling planner-carrier interactions in road freight transport: Optimisation of road maintenance costs via overloading control, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 50, pp.68-83. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2012.11.001
  • Adnan M; Watling D; Fowkes T (2009) Model for integrating home-work tour scheduling with time-varying network congestion and marginal utility profiles for home and work activities, Transportation Research Record, pp.21-30. doi: 10.3141/2134-03
  • Lu H; Fowkes T; Wardman M (2008) Amending the incentive for strategic bias in stated preference studies case study in users' valuation of rolling stock, Transportation Research Record, pp.128-135. doi: 10.3141/2049-15
  • Fowkes T (2007) The design and interpretation of freight stated preference experiments seeking to elicit behavioural valuations of journey attributes, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 41, pp.966-980. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2007.04.004
  • Humphreys M; Fowkes AS (2006) The significance of indirect use and non-use values in transport appraisal, International Journal of Transport Economics, 33, pp.17-35.
  • Fowkes AS; Firmin PE; Tweddle G; Whiteing AE (2004) How Highly Does the Freight Transport Industry Value Journey Time Reliability - and for What Reasons?, International Journal of Logistics: Research & Applications, 7, pp.33-44.
  • Fowkes AS; Firmin PE; Whiteing AE; Tweddle G (2003) Freight Road User Valuations of Three Different Aspects of Delay., Logistics Solutions, 5, pp.15-21.
  • Shinghal N; Fowkes T (2002) Freight mode choice and adaptive stated preferences, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 38, pp.367-378. doi: 10.1016/S1366-5545(02)00012-1
  • Mackie PJ; Jara-Díaz S; Fowkes AS (2001) The value of travel time savings in evaluation, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 37, pp.91-106. doi: 10.1016/S1366-5545(00)00013-2
  • Tweddle G; Fowkes AS (1999) Channel Intermodal: Shippers Sceptical., Modern Railways, 54, pp.98-100.
  • De Carvalho MCM; Dougherty MS; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (1998) Forecasting travel demand: a comparison of logit and artificial neural network methods, Journal of the Operational Research Society, 49, pp.717-722.
  • Fowkes AS; Bristow AL; Bonsall PW; May AD (1998) A short-cut method for strategy optimisation using strategic transport models, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 32A, pp.149-157.
  • May AD; Bonsall PW; Bristow AL; Fowkes AS (1995) A streamlined approach for the preparation of package approach bids, Traffic Engineering & Control, 36, pp.66-72.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Tweddle G (1992) Harmonizing heavy goods vehicle taxes in Europe: a British view, Transport Reviews, 12, pp.199-217. doi: 10.1080/01441649208716816
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Tweddle G (1992) Harmonising Heavy Goods Vehcle Taxes in Europe: A British View, Transport Reviews, 12, pp.199-217.
  • Fowkes AS; Preston J (1991) Novel approaches to forecasting the demand for new local rail services, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Pracitice, 25A, pp.209-218.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Tweddle G (1991) Investigating the Market for Inter-Modal Freight Technologies, Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice, 25A, pp.161-172.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Tweddle G (1990) The Attributes of Freight Transport Quality: What are They Worth?, Focus on Physical Distribution and Logistics Managment, 9, pp.8-12.
  • Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (1988) The Design of Stated Preference Travel Choice Experiments with Particular Regard to Inter-Personal Taste Variations, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 22, pp.27-44.
  • Fowkes AS (1987) The UK Department of Transport Value of Time project, International Journal of Transport Economics, 13, pp.197-207.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Tweddle G; Whiteing AE (1987) Forecasting Freight Mode Choice in Great Britain, Focus on Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 6, pp.20-28.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Whiteing AE (1985) Understanding Trends in InterCity Rail Traffic in Great Britain, Transportation Planning and Technology, 10, pp.65-80. doi: 10.1080/03081068508717301
  • Fowkes AS; Mackie PJ; Nash CA; Whiteing AE (1985) Road Track Cost Allocation in Great Britain, Transportation Research. Part B: Methodological, 19B, pp.161-165. doi: 10.1016/0191-2615(85)90022-0
  • Fowkes AS (1983) The economic impact of higher education in the Yorkshire and Humberside region of England, Higher Education, 12, pp.591-596.
  • Button KJ; Pearman AD; Fowkes AS (1980) Car availability and public transport, International Journal of Transport Economics, 7, pp.339-343.
  • Button KJ; Fowkes AS; Pearman AD (1980) Disaggregate and aggregate car ownership forecasting in Great Britain, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 14A, pp.263-273.
  • Button KJ; Fowkes AS; Pearman AD (1980) Car ownership in West Yorkshire: the influence of public transport accessibility, Urban Studies, 17, pp.211-215.
  • Button KJ; Fowkes AS; Pearman AD (1979) Some outstanding problems in the causal modelling of car ownership at the local level, Transportation Planning and Technology, 5, pp.205-213. doi: 10.1080/03081067908717165
  • Fowkes AS; Button KJ (1977) An evaluation of car ownership forecasting techniques, International Journal of Transport Economics, 4, pp.115-143.

Books

  • Mackie PJ; Wardman M; Fowkes A; Nellthorp J; Bates JJ (2003) VALUES OF TIME TRAVEL SAVINGS IN THE UK, University of Leeds, Institute for Transport Studies.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA (1991) Analysing Demand for Rail Travel, Avebury.
  • Button KJ; Pearman AD; Fowkes A (1982) Car Ownership Modelling and Forcasting, Aldershot, Gower.

Book Chapters

  • Fowkes AS (2010) The value of travel time savings, In: Van de Voorde E; Vanelslander T (Ed) Applied Transport Economics: A Management and Policy Perspective, de boeck, pp.547-569.
  • Fowkes A; Nash CA (2004) Rail privatisation in Britain - lessons for the rail freight industry, European Integration of Rail Freight Transport, European Conference of Ministers of Transport, pp.61-95.
  • Fowkes AS; Shinghal N (2002) The Leeds Adaptive Stated Preference Methodology, In: Danielis R (Ed) Freight Transport Demand and Stated Preference Experiments, FrancoAngeli, Milano, Italy., pp.185-201.
  • Watson SM; Toner JP; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2000) Efficiency properties of orthogonal stated preference designs, In: Ortuzar JDD (Ed) Stated Preference Modelling Techniques, Perspectives 4, PTRC Eductation and Research Services Ltd, pp.91-101.
  • Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (1999) The Value of Travel Time on UK Roads 1994, A Review., In: Marketing A; Research; Group HC (Ed) The Value of Travel Time on UK Roads, Hague Consulting Group, The Hague., pp.325-340.
  • Fowkes A; Nash CA; Tweddle G (1999) Prospects for inter-modal freight transport - the case of the Channel Tunnel, In: Meersman H; Voorde EVD; Winkelmans W (Ed) Transport Modes and Systems, Pergamon, pp.107-120.
  • Fowkes AS (1999) A justification for awarding all time savings and losses, both small and large, equal value in scheme evaluation, In: Marketing A; Research; eds HCG (Ed) The Value of Travel Time on UK roads, Hague Consulting Group, The Hague, pp.341-359.
  • Fowkes AS; May AD; Nash CA; Siu Y; Rees P (1998) Forecasting Road Traffic Growth: demographic change and alternative policy scenarios, In: Banister D (Ed) Transport Policy and the Environment, E & F N Spon, London, pp.38-49.
  • Preston JM; Fowkes A (1992) Novel approaches to the design of surveys with hypothetical choice data, Selected Readings in Transport Survey Methodology, Eucalyptus Press, pp.191-208.

Reports

Conference Papers

  • Lu H; Fowkes A; Wardman MR (2006) The influence of stated preference (SP) designs on the incentive to bias in responses, .
  • Liu H; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2008) Impacts of Perception on the Incentive to Strategic Bias in SP Responses: A Case Study in Users Valuation of Rail Passanger Rolling Stock, .
  • Fowkes AS (2008) Relating SP responses to underlying utility functions, with a view to deriving guidance for the design of SP experiments., In: Proceedings of ETC (Ed) .
  • Fowkes AS; Johnson DH; Hyman G; Fisher D; Ibáñez JN (2007) Results from the UK Department for Transport 2006 M6 Toll research project freight study, .
  • Lu H; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2006) The influence of stated preference (SP) design on the incentive to bias in responses, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg. 2006 .
  • Ibanez JN; Fowkes AS (2005) Factors determining freight transport demand: a comparative study of estimation methodologies, Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Universities Transport Study Group, Bristol. .
  • Johnson DH; Whiteing AE; Fowkes AS (2005) LEFT2 - A Strategic Freight Transport Model for Great Britain, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg .
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA (2002) Rail Privatisation in Britain - lessons for the rail freight industry, European integration of rail freight transport, Round Table on Transport Economics (125th : 2002 : Paris, France) pp.61-95.
  • Fowkes AS (2000) Recent developments in stated preference techniques in transport research, In: Ortuzar JDD (Ed) Stated Preference Modelling Techniques pp.37-52.
  • Fowkes AS; Tweddle G (2000) Validation of Stated Preference Forecasting: a case study involving Anglo-Continental freight, In: Ortuzar JDD (Ed) Stated Preference Modelling Techniques pp.383-398.
  • Skinner A; Coombe A; Bates JJ; Fowkes A; Hyman G (1997) Feasibility of measuring the induced traffic effects of the completion of the Manchester motorway box, Transportation Planning Methods 1 P414, pp.9-22.
  • Fowkes A (1995) The influence of modelling error on the shapes of estimated demand functions, Transportation Planning Methods pp.49-60.
  • Bonsall PW; Bristow AL; Fowkes A; May AD (1994) A tool for the optimisation of transport strategy, Transportation Planning Methods 1, pp.287-300.
  • Fowkes A; Wardman M; Holden D (1993) Non-orthogonal Stated Preference design, Transportation Planning Methods pp.91-97.
  • Holden D; Fowkes A; Wardman M (1992) Automated Stated Preference design algorithms, Transportation Research Methods pp.153-166.
  • Wardman M; Fowkes A (1991) Investigating the functional form of the demand curve for rail passenger travel, Transportation Planning Methods pp.111-121.
  • Fowkes A; Watson SM (1990) Sample size determination to evaluate the impact of highway improvements, Transportation Planning Methods pp.45-56.
  • Fowkes A; Tweddle G (1988) A Computer Guided Stated Preference experiment for freight mode choice, Transportation Planning Methods pp.295-305.
  • Fowkes A (1987) Coping with errors and biases in data collection: Issues in the analysis of travel surveys, Transportation Planning Methods pp.179-189.
  • Fowkes A; Nash CA; Tweddle G; Whiteing AE (1987) Forecasting freight mode choice, Freight P294 pp.43-54.
  • Marks P; Fowkes A; Nash CA (1986) Valuing long distance business travel time savings for evaluation: a methodological review and application, Transportation Planning Methods pp.87-98.
  • Fowkes A (1983) The use of number plate matching for vehicle travel time estimation, Transportation Planning Methods pp.141-148.
  • Fowkes A (1982) A simple explanation of the shape of multiple car ownership: a rejoinder, Transportation Analysis and Methods pp.91-94.
  • Fowkes A (1982) Track costs for road freight, Transport Economics pp.93-104.
  • Fowkes A; Pearman AD; Button KJ (1978) The sensitivity of car ownership of households in West Yorkshire to household accessibility, Transportation Models pp.20-31.
  • Button KJ; Fowkes A; Pearman AD (1977) Modelling regional and national levels of car ownership, Transportation Models pp.33-49.

Conference Presentations

  • Fowkes AS; Johnson DH; Hyman G; Fisher D; Ibanez JN (2007) Results from the UK Department for Transport’s 2006 M6 Toll Research Project Freight Study, ETC 2007 .
  • Johnson DH; Whiteing AE; Fowkes AS (2007) LEFT: The Right Approach to Aggregate Strategic Freight Transport Modelling?, UTSG 2007 .
  • Fowkes AS; Whiteing AE (2006) The value of freight travel time savings and reliability improvements - recent evidence from Great Britain, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg. 2006 .
  • Batley RP; Daly AJ; Whelan GA; Fowkes AS (2002) Modelling choice set generation in the context of route choice, UTSG Annual Conference 2002, Edinburgh .
  • Whelan GA; Batley RP; Fowkes AS; Daly AJ (2002) Flexible Models for Analysing Route and Departure Time Choice, European Transport Conference, Cambridge, 2002. .
  • Batley RP; Fowkes AS; Whelan GA; Daly AJ (2001) Models for Choice of Departure Time, European Transport Conference, Cambridge, 2001. .
  • Batley RP; Fowkes AS; Watling DP; Whelan GA; Daly AJ; Hato E (2001) Models for analysing route choice, Universities Transport Study Group conference, Oxford, 2001 .
  • Fowkes AS; Firmin PE; Tweddle G; Whiteing AE (2001) How highly does the freight transport industry value journey time reliability - and for what reasons?, Logistics Research Network 6th Annual Conference pp.141-148.
  • Mackie PJ; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR; Whelan GA; Bates JJ (2001) Three Controversies in the Valuation of Travel Time Savings, European Transport Conference, Cambridge, 2001 .
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; Tweddle G (1999) Prospects for inter-modal freight transport - the case of the Channel Tunnel, Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Transport Research 1, pp.477-490.
  • Toner JP; Clark SD; Grant-Muller SM; Fowkes AS (1999) Anything you can do, we can do better: A provocative introduction to a new approach to stated preference design, WORLD TRANSPORT RESEARCH, VOLS 1 TO 4 pp.B107-B120.
  • Fowkes AS; Toner JP (1998) Freight mode/route choice modelling with limited data, Proceedings 26th European Transport Forum, held at Loughborough University, September, London, PTRC Education and Research Services Ltd. Seminar E Vol II, pp.147-164.
  • Fowkes AS; Nash CA; May AD; Rees PH; Siu YL (1996) Influencing the extent of motorised traffic in Great Britain in 2006, Proceedings European Transport Forum, held at Brunel University, September , PTRC Education and Research Services Ltd, London, Seminar B, Transport Policy and its Implementation P402, .
  • Marks P; Fowkes AS; Nash CA (1986) Valuing Long Distance Business Travel Savings for Evaluation - A Methodological Review and Application, Planning and Transportation Research and Computation Summer Annual Meeting, Seminar M pp.87-98.

Other Publications

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