Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Professor Mark Wardman

Visiting Professor

Email: M.R.Wardman@its.leeds.ac.uk_

Key Research Interests

  • Demand Forecasting and Elasticities
  • Stated Preference Methods and Choice Modelling
  • Values of Time and Service Quality Attributes
  • Railways
  • Environmental Valuation

Employment History

  • Jan 2007: Director, ITS
  • Dec 2004: Professor of Transport Demand Analysis, ITS
  • Aug 2004: Director of Research, ITS
  • Aug 1999: Reader in Transport Economics, ITS
  • Aug 1997: Principal Research Fellow, ITS
  • Oct 1994: Senior Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1989-1994: British Rail Senior Research Fellow, ITS.
  • 1988-1989: Lecturer in Quantitative Transport Economics, School of Business and Economic Studies, University of Leeds.
  • 1984-1988: Research Assistance/Fellow, ITS

Education

  • B.Soc.Sc Economics University of Birmingham, 1982
  • MA Transport Economics University of Leeds, 1983
  • PhD Transport Economics University of Leeds, 1987

Professional Engagements

  • Editorial Advisory Board, Transportation, 2008-
  • Chair, Methodological Innovations Committee, European Transport Conference 1999- 2003.
  • Visiting Professor School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster (2005-);
  • Associate Editor, Transportation Research E.
  • Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of Choice Modelling 2007-
  • Advisor to British Railways Passenger Demand Research Forum 1989-95.
  • Advisor to Rail Passenger Demand Forecasting Subscription Service 1996-98
  • Member of Passenger Demand Forecasting Handbook Update Steering Committee 2001-2002
  • Editor of PDFH4.1 (August 2005)
  • Member of Yorkshire Water Authority Willingness to Pay Advisory Panel 2002 and 2006
  • Member of DfT Peer Review Group on UK Study of Attitudes to Noise from Aviation Sources 2004-2007
  • Member of Netherlands Value of Time and Reliability Study Advisory Panel 2007
  • Advisor to Competition Commission on four enquiries (2004-2005)

Research Projects and Experience

  • 2011: European Wide Meta-Analysis of Values of Travel Time
  • 2011: Estimating the Value of a Range of Local Environmental Indicators, for Defra
  • 2010: Research into Effects of Park and Ride Parking Supply on Public Transport Demand, for Transport Scotland
  • 2010: Updating Elasticities of Department for Transport's Strategic Fares Model, for Department for Transport
  • 2009: Projections of Future Levels of Personal Travel in Greater London, for Transport for London
  • 2009: Advice on Surveys to Examine the Effectiveness and Acceptability of Measures to Encourage Cycling within Greater London, for Transport for London
  • 2008: Value of Time and Elasticities Meta-Analysis, for Department for Transport
  • 2008: MVA Crowding Study Peer Review, for Department for Transport
  • 2008: Advisory Study into the Acceptability and Effectiveness of Road User Charging, for Transport for London
  • 2007-2012: Accent Stated Preference Research Fellowship
  • 2007: Station Enhancements, for Passenger Demand Forecasting Subscription Service.
  • 2006-2007: M6 Toll Road Study, for Department for Transport.
  • 2006-2007: External Factors Data Extension and Modelling, for Department for Transport.
  • 2006: Fares Evidence in Scotland: A Review, for Transport Scotland
  • 2005: National Express/Thameslink Great Northern Inquiry, for Competition Commission.
  • 2005: TSU Centre Evaluation, for ESRC.
  • 2005: First Group/ICEC Franchise Inquiry, for Competition Commission
  • 2004: Passenger Demand Forecasting Handbook Update Review, for Association of Train Operating Companies,.
  • 2003-2006: Rail Research UK, EPSRC.
  • 2003-2004: Generalised Journey Time Reformulation, for Association of Train Operating Companies.
  • 2001-2004: Demand for Public Transport – A Practical Guide. EPSRC.
  • 2001-2003: Measuring Demand for an Integrated Inter-Urban Public Transport Network EPSRC.
  • 2001-2002: High Speed Line Study for Strategic Rail Authority.
  • 2001: Review of Research relevant to Rail Competition for Short Haul Air Routes, for Eurocontrol.
  • 2000-2001: Leeds First Project, for Northern Spirit and Railtrack

Papers

Books

  • Nash CA; Wardman MR; Button K; Nijkamp P (2002) Railways. Classics in transport series, Edward Elgar.

Book Chapters

  • Wardman MR; Lythgoe WF; Whelan GA (2007) Rail Passenger Demand Forecasting: Cross-Sectional Models Revisited., In: Dennis SM; Talley WK (Ed) Railroad Economics - Research in Transportation Economics, 20, Elsevier Science, pp.pp.1.
  • Hao X; Wardman MR; Chen H (2006) A Study on Public Transport Fare Payment Choice with RP/SP Survey in China, In: Mao B; Tian Z; Gao Z; Huang H (Ed) Traffic and Transportation Studies, Science Press, Beijing, pp.697-708.
  • Hine J; Wardman MR; Stradling SG (2003) Interchange and Seamless Travel, In: Hine J; Preston J (Ed) Integrated Futures and Transport Choices: UK Transport Policy Beyond the 1998 White Paper and Transport Acts, Ashgate, Aldershot, Hants..
  • Jaensirisak S; May AD; Wardman MR (2003) Acceptability of Road User Charging: The Influence of Selfish and Social Perspectives, In: Schade J; Schlag B (Ed) Acceptability of Transport Pricing Strategies, Elsevier, pp.203-218.
  • Watson SM; Toner JP; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2000) Efficiency properties of orthogonal stated preference designs, In: Ortuzar JDD (Ed) Stated Preference Modelling Techniques, Perspectives 4, PTRC Eductation and Research Services Ltd, pp.91-101.
  • Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (1999) The Value of Travel Time on UK Roads 1994, A Review., In: Marketing A; Research; Group HC (Ed) The Value of Travel Time on UK Roads, Hague Consulting Group, The Hague., pp.325-340.
  • Bonsall PW; Wardman MR; Nash CA; Hopkinson PG (1992) Development of a survey instrument to measure subjective valuations: Approaches to the estimation of non-use benefits of local public transport services, In: Ampt E; Meyburg A; Richardson A (Ed) Selected Readings in Transport Survey Methodology , Eucalyptus Press, Sydney , pp.78-87.

Internet Publications

Reports

Conference Papers

  • Sheldon R; Heywood C; Meaney A; Robins N; Wardman MR (2006) Estimating the Demand Impacts of New Rolling Stock., AET European Transport Conference .
  • Ibanez JN; Connors RD; Batley R; Wardman M; Hyman G (2008) Modelling Random Taste Variation in the Acceptance of Tolled Roads in the UK, .
  • Wardman M; Ibanez J N; Hyman G (2008) The Quality of a Car Journey: Evidence from Stated Choice Experiments, .
  • Parkin J; Wardman MR; Page M (2005) Target setting using a model of variation in cycle use for England and Wales, .
  • Wardman M (2008) The Potential for Helicopter Access to Major International Airports, .
  • Bristow A; Wardman M; Arsenio E; Thanos S (2008) Establishing Variations in Individuals' Values of Aircraft Noise in Europe: What Have we Learnt from Stated Preference Applications?, .
  • Thanos S; Wardman M; Bristow A (2008) Stated Choice Valuations of Aircraft Noise: The Closing and Opening of Airports in Athens, .
  • Wardman MR; Page M; Tight MR (2001) Cycling and Urban Mode Choice, .
  • Chintakayala P; Rose J; Hess S; Wardman M (2008) UK Experience with an Advanced Survey Design for Value of Time Studies, .
  • Thanos S; Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2013) Non-linearities, stigma and self-selection influencing the values of noise nuisance, 42nd International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2013, INTER-NOISE 2013: Noise Control for Quality of Life 6, pp.5222-5231.
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2011) An alternative revealed preference approach for valuing traffic noise indoors: Using ex ante and ex post choices of apartments, 40th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2011, INTER-NOISE 2011 4, pp.3654-3660.
  • Bristow A; Zanni A; Wardman M; Chintakayala V (2008) Using stated preference to explore design options for a personal carbon trading scheme., .
  • Preston J; Blainey S; Wardman MR; Chintakayala V; Heywood C; Sheldon R; Wall G (2008) The Effect of Station Enhancements on Rail Demand., .
  • Liu H; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2008) Impacts of Perception on the Incentive to Strategic Bias in SP Responses: A Case Study in Users Valuation of Rail Passanger Rolling Stock, .
  • Thanos S; Wardman MR; Bristow AL (2007) Aircraft Noise Monetary Values for Athens from Stated Choice Experiments, Conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE 2007), Thessalonica, Greece, 27-30 June 2007 .
  • Wardman MR; Whelan GA; Vaughan B; Murphy PA; Hyman G (2007) Modelling the Demand for Toll Roads in the UK, ETC, 2007 Berkley .
  • Tapley N; Wardman MR; Whelan GA (2007) Nonlinearities in Discrete Choice Attribute Valuations: A Case Study in Transport-Related Choices, 11th World Conference on Transport Research, Berkeley .
  • Whelan GA; Wardman MR; Lythgoe WF (2007) Examining the Influence of Socio-Demographic Change on Rail Demand, ETC 2007 .
  • Wardman MR (2007) To Generalize Your Cost or Not?, WCTR 2007, Berkeley, 25- 28 June .
  • Wardman MR; Whelan GA; Preston JM (2007) Strategic Forecasting of Rail Passenger Demand in Great Britain, WCTR 2007 .
  • Tapley N; Wardman MR; Gunn HF; Hyman G (2007) Inter-temporal variations in values of time in Great Britain, ETC 2007 .
  • Wardman MR; Whelan GA; Vaughan B; Murphy PA; Hyman G (2007) Presentational Issues in the Analysis of Motorists' SP Route Choice Data, ETC 2007 .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2006) Valuing Aircraft Noise: Threshold, Level and Index Effects., 3rd World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, 3rd-7th July, Kyoto. .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2006) What Influences the Value of Aircraft Noise., AET European Transport Conference 2006 .
  • Thanos S; Wardman MR; Bristow AL (2006) A Stated Choice Experiment Valuing Aircraft Noise in the Context of Airport Relocation, AET European Transport Conference 2006 .
  • Lu H; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2006) The influence of stated preference (SP) design on the incentive to bias in responses, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg. 2006 .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman M (2005) Valuing aircraft noise: Influential variables, International Congress on Noise Control Engineering 2005, INTERNOISE 2005 2, pp.1469-1478.
  • Wardman M; Bristow A (2005) Valuations of noise: Threshold, non-linear and index effects, International Congress on Noise Control Engineering 2005, INTERNOISE 2005 2, pp.1459-1468.
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2005) A Comparative Analysis of Annoyance from Aircraft Noise at Three European Airports, 34th Inter-Noise International Congress and Exposition on Noise, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 7-10 August 2005 .
  • Whelan GA; Wardman MR; Lythgoe WF (2005) Examining the Influence of Station Catchment Areas on the Demand for Travel, AET European Transport Conference .
  • Jevons D; Meaney A; Robins N; Dargay JM; Preston J; Goodwin P; Wardman MR (2005) How do Rail Passengers Respond to Change?, AET European Transport Conference. .
  • Wardman MR; Bristow AL; Arsenio E (2005) Applying Stated Preference Methods to the Valuation of Noise: Some Lessons to Date, 34th Inter-Noise International Congress and Exposition on Noise, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 7-10 August 2005. .
  • Lythgoe WF; Wardman MR; Toner JP (2004) Enhancing Rail Passenger Demand Models to examine Station Choice and Access to the Rail Network, AET European Transport Conference, PTRC, London .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR; Murphy PA; Plachinski E (2004) Stated Preference Valuations of Aircraft Noise at Three European Airports: Cultural, Social, Situational and Personal Variations, AET European Transport Conference, Strasbourg .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2004) Valuation of Aircraft Noise Using Stated Preference Techniques, 33rd Inter-Noise International Congress and Exposition on Noise, Prague, Czech Republic, August 22-25 .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2004) Using Stated Preference to Value Annoyance from Aircraft: A Comparison of Approaches, ENVECON 2004, Applied Environmental Economics Conference, 26 March 2004, Royal Society, London .
  • Wardman MR; Bristow AL (2004) Using Stated Preference Methods to Value Noise from Aircraft in Three European Countries, ACUSTICA 2004, IV Ibero-American Congress on Environmental Acoustics, September 2004, Guimaraes, Portugal. .
  • Wardman MR; Shires JD (2004) Review of Fares Elasticities in Great Britain, 10th World Conference on Transport Research, Istanbul, 4-8 July 2004 .
  • Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2004) Using Stated Preference Methods to Value Noise from Transportation Sources, ACUSTICA 2004, IV Ibero-American Congress on Environmental Acoustics, September 2004. Guimaraes, Portugal .
  • Wardman MR; Toner JP (2003) Econometric Modelling of Competition Between Train Ticket Types, Association for European Transport, European Transport Conference 2003, Strasbourg, France. .
  • Wardman MR; Bristow AL; Murphy PA; Heaver C (2003) Valuation of Aircraft Noise Using Stated Preference Methods Within a Broader Quality of Life Dimension, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg, 8-10 October 2003 .
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2002) Marginal values of traffic noise externalities from stated preference methods, European Transport Conference, 9-11 September 2002. .
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2002) Values of traffic noise from a stated preference choice experiment in Lisbon, Inter-Noise 2002, The 2002 International Conference and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, Dearborn, MI, USA, 19-21 August 2002. .
  • Lythgoe WF; Wardman MR (2002) Estimating Passenger Demand for Parkway Stations, AET European Transport Conference .
  • Jaensirisak S; May AD; Wardman MR (2002) Acceptability and effectiveness of road user charging, 29th European Transport Conference .
  • Wardman MR (2001) Rail Economic Performance and External Factors: Strategic Rail DEmand Forecasting, Royal Statistical Society Conference, 16 October 2001 .
  • Wardman MR; Preston JM (2001) Developing National Multi-modal Travel Models: A Case Study of the Journey to Work, 9th World Conference on Transport Research, Seoul .
  • Jaensirisak S; May AD; Wardman MR (2001) Effects of road pricing systems on acceptability, pp.475-490.
  • Jaensirisak S; May AD; Wardman MR (2001) Acceptability of road user charging: sensitivity to system characteristics and individuals' perspectives, THINK-UP Workshop, "Policy Factors and Mobility Prediction: Transport Planning & Modelling", Vienna. .
  • Stradling S; Hine J; Wardman MR (2000) Physical, Cognitive and Affective Effort in Travel Mode Choices, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, Berne, Switzerland .
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR; Nunes Da Silva F; Patricio J (2000) Measures, Perception and Values of Noise from Road Traffic, Internoise 2000, 29th International Congress and Exhibition on Noise Control Engineering, Nice. .
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR (2000) An innovative stated preference computer survey model for valuing noise impacts from road traffic, European Transport Conference 2000 441, pp.67-80.
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR; Nunes Da Silva F; Patricio J (1999) Perception of Noise from Road Traffic and its Valuation: A Case Study in Lisbon Metropolitan Area, INTERNOISE 99, Conference of the International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control and Engineering, Fort Lauderdale, US .
  • Lythgoe WF; Wardman MR (1999) Predicting Demand for Air-Rail Links, 6th International Conference on Air-Rail Transportation Trends and Initiatives, Copenhagen, Denmark .
  • Arsenio E; Bristow AL; Wardman MR; Nunes Da Silva F (1999) The valuation of noise and air pollution impacts: is there any best practice?, Paper presented at International Association for Impact Assessment, 19th Annual Meeting .
  • Wardman MR; Whelan GA (1998) The valuation of railway rolling stock improvements: evidence from revealed and stated preference train choice data, Paper presented at 8th World Conference on Transport Research, Antwerp, Belgium .
  • Wardman MR (1998) Modelling Fares Competititon on the UK Railways, PTRC European Transport Conference, Loughborough .
  • Wardman MR (1998) Review of Service Quality Valuations, PTRC European Transport Conference, Loughborough .
  • Murphy PA; Wardman MR; Whelan GA; Temple S (1997) Valuing users' willingness to pay for rolling stock improvements, European Tranport Forum .
  • Page M; Siu YL; Tight MR; Wardman MR (1935) Cycling and Urban Travel Choice, .

Conference Presentations

  • Wheat P; Wardman M (2017) Effects of timetable related service quality on rail demand, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 95, pp.96-108. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.11.009
  • Bristow AL; Wardman M; Shires JD; Chintakayala VPK; Nellthorp J (2012) The value of access to urban quiet areas relative to other local environmental factors, 41st International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2012, INTER-NOISE 2012 2, pp.1726-1733.
  • Bristow AL; Wardman M; Shires J; Gühnemann A; Tight M (2011) Do the costs of aircraft noise nuisance change over time? A repeat study, 40th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering 2011, INTER-NOISE 2011 4, pp.3661-3667.
  • Chintakayala PK; Hess S; Rose JM; Wardman MR (2009) Effects of stated choice design dimensions on estimates, Inaugural International Choice Modelling Conference, Harrogate. .
  • Chorlton K; Hess S; Jamson S; Wardman M (2009) An investigation into the demand for Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) systems in the United Kingdom, European Transport Conference, Noordwijkerhout, October 2009. .
  • Wardman M; Ibanez J; Pagan J (2009) Variations in Motorists' Evaluations of Travel Time with Traffic Conditions, Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting .
  • Batley R; Dargay JM; Ibanez JN; Wardman MR; Shires JD (2008) An Econometric Analysis of the Impact of Reliability on Passenger Rail Demand, European Transport Conference Proceedings 2008 .
  • Chintakayala PK; Rose JM; Hess S; Wardman M (2008) UK experience with an advanced survey design for value of time studies, European Transport Conference, Noordwijkerhout, October 2008. .
  • Ibanez N; Connors RD; Batley R; Wardman M (2008) Modelling heterogeneous taste variation in the acceptance of tolled roads in the UK., European Transport Conference .
  • Batley RP; Ibanez JN; Wardman MR; Shires JD; Whelan GA (2007) A discrete choice study to assess the impact of reliability on passenger rail demand, European Transport Conference 2007, 17 - 19 October, Leiden, The Netherlands .
  • Wardman MR; Dargay JM; Toner JP (2007) Modelling Approaches to Support Rail Fares Regulation in Scotland, WCTR 2007, Berekeley, 25- 28 June .
  • Paulley N; Balcombe R; Mackett R; Preston JM; Titheridge H; Shires JD; Wardman MR; White P (2004) The Demand for Public Transport, 10th World Conference on Transport Research, Istanbul,4-8 July 2004 13, .
  • Wardman MR; Shires JD; Lythgoe WF; Tyler J (2003) The Benefits and Demand Impacts of Regular Train Timetables, AET European Transport Conference .
  • Parkin J; Wardman MR; Page M (2002) Video Based Technique to Develop Risk Ratings for Cycle Use, European Transport Conference .
  • Nash CA; Wardman MR (2001) Boosting Customer Demand for Rail Services and Demand Forecasting, Conference on Commercial Strategies for Maximising Passenger Revenue, London, October 23-24 2001 .
  • Wardman MR; Shires JD (2001) Comparison of within mode revealed preference and stated preference choice methods, AET European Transport Conference 2001 .
  • Mackie PJ; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR; Whelan GA; Bates JJ (2001) Three Controversies in the Valuation of Travel Time Savings, European Transport Conference, Cambridge, 2001 .
  • Whelan GA; Wardman MR; Daly AJ (2000) Is There a Limit to Car Ownership Growth? An Exploration of Household Saturation Levels Using Two Novel Approaches, ETC Conference, 2000. .
  • Whelan GA; Preston JM; Wardman MR; Nash CA (1999) The privatisation of passenger rail services in Great Britain: an evaluation of competition for the market and competition in the market, Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Transport Research 4, pp.583-596.
  • Toner JP; Wardman MR; Whelan GA (1999) Testing Recent Advances in Stated Preference Design, PTRC European Transport Conference, Cambridge .
  • Wardman MR; Bristow AL; Hodgson FC (1998) Noise and Air Quality Valuations: Evidence from Stated Preference Residential and Business Choice Models, 8th World Conference on Transport Research, Antwerp .
  • Wardman MR; Bristow AL; Hodgson FC (1997) Valuations of noise, air quality and accessibility: evidence for households and businesses, PTRC European Transport Forum, Brunel P413, pp.451-464.
  • Wardman MR; Mackie PJ (1997) A Review of the Value of Time: Evidence from British Experience, PTRC European Transport Conference, Brunel .
  • Wardman MR; Toner JP (1996) Issues in Model Specification, Paper presented at PTRC International Conference on Value of Time, Wokingham .
  • Toner JP; Wardman MR; Whelan GA (1995) Competitive interactions in the inter-urban travel market in Great Britain, PTRC European Transport Forum .
  • Hopkinson PG; Nash CA; Wardman MR (1990) Prospects of Valuing the Environmental Effects of Road Transport in Monetary Terms, Planning and Transportation Research and Computation, Summer Annual Meeting .

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