Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Professor Susan Grant-Muller

Professor of Technologies & Informatics

Phone: +44 (0)113 34 36618
Room: 2.03
Research Group: Social and Political Sciences

Core skills

A statistician with research niche in transport technologies and social informatics under the rubric of low carbon energy futures.

Summary of current research interests

I provide an academic lead a programme of research at the multidisciplinary interface between the digital economy and transport under a low carbon energy future. This is currently supported by the EU FP7 project SUNSET (2010-2013) , with a specific role in directing the evaluation of social media in sustainable transport management. A three year plan for International collaboration with the University of Technion (Israel), University of Haifa (Israel) and IUAV University of Venice in research entitled 'Harvesting transport preference information from web social communities to support sustainable mobility solutions' is supported by an award by the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN).

I act a Co-Investigator for the University of Leeds Centre for Integrated Energy Research (CIER) funded by a substantive tranche of University strategic funding and a member of the management group for an EPSRC Doctoral Training Centre in Low Energy Technologies, (funding for 50 doctoral students) with responsibility for Transport themes. I also provide academic leadership to a White Rose research studentship network in Transport in a Low Carbon future, involving collaboration between 8 academics across the Yorkshire and Humberside universities. Wider research has been concerned with aspects of ICT enhanced sustainable highways, (e.g., the M42 – funded by the Highways Agency), measuring the costs and appraising alternative improvement schemes, development of new management policy strategies (e.g., EU funded SPECTRUM project on policy packaging of economic, regulatory and physical transport measures) and interfaces with other modes of travel, particularly air transport (e.g. airport masterplans, air transport sustainability).

Recent Invited presentations

  • ‘Social media networks and their impact on transportation’,  International Benefits Evaluation and Costs (IBEC) special session at ITS world Congress, Vienna, 
  • ITS World Congress 2011 Orlando, 'Social Media/Networking and Its Impact on Transportation'
  • Connekt/ITS Netherlands event: 'Mobility in 2030', Sept 2011
  • plenary to the 2011 European Conference on Mobility Management (ECOMM) Toulouse, June 2011 'Transport and Social networks'
  • CONDUITS City Pool, Paris on 23-24 March 2011 'ITS development perspectives'
  • Intelligent Transport in the Baltic regions, Stockholm, March 2011
  •  Interdisciplinary Research in Socio-Digital Worlds (IRiS) centre at Sheffield. 'ICT enhanced Transport under a low carbon future'. Jan 2011

Current National/international collaboration

  • Participation in a EPSRC Digital Economy Sustainable Society Network+ launched in Jan 2012
  • Member of International benefits and costs of Intelligent transport systems (IBEC)
  • European networks of city transport leaders (POLIS and CONDUITS networks)
  • Member of Intelligent Transport Services Knowledge Transfer Network
  • International academic collaboration with University of Milan (Italy), University of Technion (Israel), University of Haifa (Israel), IUAV University of Venice

Academic Leadership (University of Leeds/departmental)

  • Elected member of Senate (2009-2010, 2012 - 2015)
  • Director of Research, Institute for Transport Studies (2008-2011)
  • Alumni Campaign project lead: Air Transport in a Low Carbon Future (2010-
  • University of Leeds Athena SWAN steering committee (2008-)
  • University of Leeds Promotions College (2005-)
  • Research group leader for Traffic, Environment and Informatics Research Group (2008-2010)
  • Research group Leader for Transport Policy Research Group (2007-2008)

Academic Positions

  • 2008-2011: Director of Research, Institute for Transport Studies
  • 2000: Senior Lecturer, Institute for Transport Studies
  • 1995: Lecturer, Institute for Transport Studies
  • 1995: Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies
  • 1986-1995: Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds

Professional Engagements

  • Leader of International Road Federation policy committee on Intelligent Transport systems: subgroup on research, capacity building and knowledge transfer (2009-)
  • Hosted IRF Policy Committee on ITS: 'International cooperation essential', 11th Oct 2010
  • Academic leader: international WUN network: 'Harvesting transport preference information from web social communities to support sustainable mobility solutions' (with Technion Israel Institute of Technology, University of Haifa, IUAV University of Venice, 2012 - 2015)
  • Academic leader: White Rose research network on 'Adapting Transport to a low carbon future', (inaugural meeting 28th Jan 2011)
  • Member of the Association of European Transport Committee: Transport Policy and Research (2008-2011)
  • Expert academic advisor to LNEC (National Laboratory for Civil Engineering, Portugal) on research to establish the site of the new Lisbon airport (2008)
  • Centre for Low Carbon Futures, 2008-
  • Expert academic advisor to the M42 Automatic Traffic Management project (2004-2008)
  • Academic advisor to the European TRANSFORUM Scientific Forum on Policy Assessment (2005-2007)
  • Organiser and Chair of European Conference on Use of Economic Instruments Gdansk (2005)
  • Grant reviewer for several national and European bodies, such as Leverhulme trust

PhD Scholarship Awards

  • White Rose Universities studentship network award (2010) 'Transport in a low carbon future', jointly with universities of Sheffield, Hull and York, value £240k approx. (Academic lead)
  • Award of University of Leeds (2009) strategic EPSRC (DTA) multidisciplinary scholarships in Intelligent Transport/Digital Economy, jointly with EE&E and School of Computing (3 studentships, value £225k approx)
  • Member of the steering group for the EPSRC (2008) Doctoral Training Centre: ENERGY: Technologies for a Low Carbon Future, Earth, Energy & Environment (E3): University Interdisciplinary Institute, PI: Prof P Williams (50 studentships, £12.05m FEC)
  • EU FP6: Award and Directorship of Marie Curie EST research training site in Policy, Economics and Transport (PEAT), 2003-2009), €1.2m. 8 full PhD scholarships
  • EU FP5: Award and Directorship of Marie Curie ITN Training site in Economics, Policy and Appraisal site (EPA, 2002-2005), €211.2k 12 hosted PhD student visits
  • EU FP5: Award and Directorship of Marie Curie Training ITN site in Traffic Modelling and Safety (TMS, 2002-2005), €240k. 17 hosted PhD student visits

Research Grants and Contracts

Dr Grant-Muller has won grants and awards to support her research and build capacity in the field with a value of > £11m to date. Dr Grant-Mullers research has been sponsored by a wide range of agencies including the National Research Councils, the European Commission and Government/Industry sources.

  • CO-I: ESRC/UoL/others (2014 -) Consumer Data Research Centre (CDRC) (with School of Geography, Business School, School of Earth and Environment), circa £7m
  • Leeds PI: CEDR (Transnational Road Research Programme) (2014 - 2015) Understanding New and Improving Existing Traffic Data (with Mott McDonald), circa €360k.
  • PI: EU Marie Curie IIF (2013 -2015) MOPED (Mobility Optimization: Permits for Emissions from Driving), circa €278k
  • Leeds PI: EU (2011 - 2014) SUNSET (with Stichting Novay (NL), DOCOMO, Communications Laboratories Europe GmbH (DE), Queen Mary and Westfield, College, University of London (UK), University of Leeds (UK), Eco2Win AB (SE), LocatieNet (NL), Universiteit Twente (NL), Gemeente Enschede (NL), Viktoria Institute (SE)), circa €3.4m.
  • CO-I: University of Leeds Transformation fund (2010 - ) Centre for Integrated Energy Research. (With Energy Research Institute (ERI), Institute for Particle Science and Engineering (IPSE), , Institute of Engineering Systems and Design, Institute of Engineering Thermofluids, Surfaces and Interfaces, Institute of Geophysics and Tectonics, School of Earth and Environment, School of Mechanical Engineering, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering (SPEME) and Sustainability Research Institute (SRI), £1.3m
  • PI/Director: White Rose Universities Studentship Network Award (2010 - 2014) Transport in a low Carbon Future (with universities of Sheffield, Hull and York), £240k.
  • PI: Rail Standards and Safety Board (RSSB) (2009 -2010) Updating of Transport Surface Costs and Charges, £127k
  • Leeds PI: Department for Transport (2009) Evaluation of Airport Master Plans. (with IPSOS-MORI), 65k
  • PI: Department for Transport (2008) Multimodal Travel Time Variability, £17k
  • Leeds PI: (2007) Airport evaluation methodology (with LNEC, National Laboratory for Civil Engineering, Portugal), £7.9k
  • PI: Scottish Executive (2006) Measuring the Costs of Congestion, £10k
  • PI: East Riding County Council (2004) Analysis of Accident data. (£10k)
  • PI: EU FP6 (2003-2009) Marie Curie EST research training site in Policy, Economics and Transport (PEAT), €1.2m. 8 full PhD scholarships
  • PI: EU FP5 (2002-2005) Marie Curie ITN Training site in Economics, Policy and Appraisal site (EPA), €211.2k. 12 PhD training actions
  • PI: EU FP5 (2002-2005) Marie Curie Training ITN site in Traffic Modelling and Safety (TMS), €240k. 17 PhD training actions
  • Leeds PI: Highways Agency (2002) M42 ATM Monitoring and Assessment project (with Mott McDonald), circa £2m
  • PI/Consortium Leader: EU FP5 EU (2000 - 2003) SPECTRUM (Economic instruments, regulation and physical measure for achieving transport policy objectives), Circa €2m.
  • PI: Department for Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) (2000) Outliers and Travel time Variability, £39.5k
  • PI: Highways Agency (1999) Lane Specific Speed Study, £13k
  • CO-I: TINA Secretariat (1999) Transport Infrastructure needs assessment - Appraisal Guidelines, £13k
  • PI: Highways Agency (1998) Investigation of a dynamic learning algorithm for network prediction (extension), £30k
  • PI: Highways Agency (1997-1998) Short term prediction of traffic flows, £62k
  • Leeds PI: DOT (1996). Removing double counting from RSI databases (with Sandman consulting), £3k
  • PI: DOT (1994): Review of Statistical Standards in Transport Data, £13k
  • PI: SERC (1991) Outlier detection in Transport data, £26k

Taught Masters: 

  • TRAN503 Transport Data Collection and Analysis 
  • Dissertation supervision. 

Research student examination

  • Munir, S: An investigation into new trends in air pollutant concentration (internal examiner, University of Leeds, Current)
  • External Examiner to thesis defense: Gideon Mbiydzenyuy ‘The quantitative assessment of intelligent transport systems for road freight transport’, School of Computing,  BTH, Sweden (2013)
  • Hamish Jamson: Motion Cueing in Driving Simulators for Research Applications (internal examiner, University of Leeds, 2011)
  • Szabo, J: Incorporating Reliability Into Network Modelling And Policy Analysis' (internal examiner, University of Leeds, 2011)
  • Abeeree-Inge, E: The Transferability of Land Use and Transport Systems within an integrated framework: A case study of Cape Town and the Millennium Cities (external examiner, University of Manchester, 2010)

Research student supervision

  • Anwer, I: The Effective Use of ITS and Other Advanced Communication Technologies in Reducing the Transport Impacts of Disasters (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • Huang, Y-M: Improving Resilience of Transportation Systems by Incentive Driven Travel Behavioural Change Programmes (co-supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • Norris, J: Car clubs and Renewable Energy Generation: Maximising their Combined Potential (co-supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • Linton, C: Modelling the CO2 emissions reduction potential of enhanced utilisation of urban transport capacity: pathways to 2030 (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • El Rashidy, R: Use of Digital Data and ICT Systems to Improve Resilience of the Transport System to Future Climate Extremes (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • Tomlinson A: inferring personal movement patterns using locational data captured from mobile devices for transportation data collection (co-supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • Lu, C: Autonomisation of Traffic Incident Management (co-supervisor, University of Leeds, current)
  • Koloz, B: Development of Low Energy and Carbon indicator for intelligent transport on the strategic highway (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, 2014)
  • Thomopoulos, N: Incorporating equity considerations in appraisal of large transport infrastructure projects (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, 2010)
  • Wang, J Model of Motorway Merging (internal examiner, University of Leeds, 2006)
  • Putranto L: Model of Indonesian car ownership (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, 2003)
  • Fang, C W: Impacts of rubbernecking (lead supervisor, University of Leeds, 2001)



Book Chapters

  • Grant-Muller SM; Minkov E; Kuflik T; Nocera S; Gal-Tzur A; Shoor I (2015) Transport policy: Social media and user-generated content in a changing information paradigm, Social Media for Government Services, pp.325-366. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-27237-5_15
  • Watson SM; Toner JP; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2000) Efficiency properties of orthogonal stated preference designs, In: Ortuzar JDD (Ed) Stated Preference Modelling Techniques, Perspectives 4, PTRC Eductation and Research Services Ltd, pp.91-101.
  • Nellthorp J; Grant-Muller SM; Chen H; Mackie P; Leleur S; Tsamboulas D; Pearman A; Larkinson J (1999) Comparing the Economic Performance and Environmental Impact of Trans-European Road Networks: The EUNET Project and Assessment Tool, In: Medevielle J-P; Stimpson A; Addis R (Ed) Proceedings of the 2nd European Road Research Conference, Brussels, 7-9th June 1999, European Commission Directorate General for Transport.


  • IPSOS MORI; Grant-Muller SM (2010) Assessing the future of the Air Transport White Paper as a strategic framework for sustainable airport development. Recommendations to the Department for Transport., .
  • Grant-Muller SM (2008) M42 Active Traffic Management Monitoring Project Technical Note TN053 (Safety analysis), .
  • Grant-Muller SM; Laird J (2007) Measuring the Costs of Congestion. Recommendations to the Scottish Executive., .
  • Grant-Muller SM (2007) Recommendations on Cost Benefit Analysis for the location of the new Lisbon Airport within the OTA and CTA zones. Recommendations for LNEC, Portugal., .
  • Meekums R; Grant-Muller SM; Lotter S (2004) 'Monitoring the impacts of Hard Shoulder running on the M42', .
  • Grant-Muller SM; Tjahjono T (2004) Analysis of Accident data for East Riding, Analysis of Accident data for East Riding, pp.1-25.
  • Mackie PJ; Watson SM; Nellthorp J; Pearman AD (2002) Cost Benefit Analysis of Transport Infrastructure Projects, .
  • Fowkes T; Jopson A; May T; Mackie P; Matthews B; Nellthorp J; Page M; Sansom T; Shepherd S (2000) Assessing the impact of local transport policy instruments, pp.1-87.
  • Mackie PJ; Watson SM; Nellthorp J; Pearman AD (1999) Socio-economic cost-benefit analysis in the context of project appraisal for developing a Trans-European transport network in accession countries, .
  • Grant-Muller SM (1999) Investigating the application of Lane Specific Speed Limits on UK motorways: Initial Feasibility Study. Review of current and past research., .
  • Mackie P; Grant-Muller SM; Nellthorp J; Pearman A (1999) TINA Appraisal Guidelines, pp.1-151.
  • Chen H; Clark S; Dougherty M; Grant-Muller SM (1998) Investigation of network performance: Report to the Highways Agency on dynamic Neural Network and Performance Indicator development., .
  • Grant-Muller SM; Chen H; Dougherty M (1997) Investigation of Network performance prediction: stage 2. Report on Model Development: Neural Network, Statistical and hybrid methods for Network performance prediction. Final report for the Highways Agency, .
  • Chen H; Dougherty MS; Kirkby HR; Shepherd SP; Vythoulkas P; Grant-Muller SM (1997) Investigation of Network Performance Prediction. Feasibility Report., .
  • Chen H; Clark S; Dougherty M; Nooralahiyan A; Watson SM (1997) Report on Model development: Neural Network, Statistical and hybrid methods for Network performance prediction., pp.1-57.
  • Watson SM (1997) Investigation of Network Performance prediction: Supplementary Report to the Highways agency on Additional issues arising, .
  • Redfern EJ; Watson SM (1995) An assessment of statistical adequacy in Transport Research Reports, .
  • Redfern EJ; Watson SM (1995) Suggested improvements to statistical analyses in a selection of Transport Research Reports, .
  • Preston JM; Clark SD; Watson SM (1994) Public transport patronage on Merseyside., .
  • Pearman AD; Mackie PJ; Watson SM; Palmer A (1994) Cost-Benefit and Multi-Criteria Analysis for New Road Construction, .

Conference Papers

  • Anwer I; Grant-Muller S (2018) Perceptions towards the use of intelligent transport system technologies by earthquake victims, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing 597, pp.444-456. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-60441-1_44
  • Fisher K; Holzwarth S; Chong J; Grant-Muller S (2017) How Placemaking and Positive Incentives Can Enhance Urban Walkability and Revolutionize the Citizens' Experience of Streets as Public Spaces, JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT & HEALTH 7, pp.S86-S87. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.139
  • Grant-Muller S; Hodgson F; Malleson N; Snowball R (2017) Enhancing Energy, Health and Security Policy by Extracting, Enriching and Interfacing Next Generation Data in the Transport Domain (A Study on the Use of Big Data in Cross-Sectoral Policy Development), Proceedings - 2017 IEEE 6th International Congress on Big Data, BigData Congress 2017 pp.515-518. doi: 10.1109/BigDataCongress.2017.77
  • Xu M; Grant-Muller S; Mussone L; Liang L (2017) Characteristics of household mobility for Milan: A statistical investigation of underlying determinants, Conference Proceedings - 2017 17th IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2017 1st IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC / I and CPS Europe 20 . doi: 10.1109/EEEIC.2017.7977616
  • Linton C; Grant-Muller S; Gale W (2014) The effective use of excess capacity for low carbon Urban transport futures, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment 191, pp.861-872. doi: 10.2495/SC140732
  • Lu C; Chen H; Grant-Muller S (2013) An indirect reinforcement learning approach for ramp control under incident-induced congestion, IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC pp.979-984. doi: 10.1109/ITSC.2013.6728359
  • Clavering J; Grant-Muller SM; Collop M; Hyman G (1997) Removing Double counting from RSI Databases., Proceedings of the 25th European Transport Forum Annual meeting, Sept 1997, pp 131-142 .
  • Kirby HR; Dougherty MS; Watson SM (1994) Should we use neural networks or statistical models for short-term motorway traffic forecasting?, International Journal of Forecasting 13, pp.43-50.

Other Publications

  • Poslad S; Wang Z; Groenewolt B; Koolwaaij J; Hodgson F; Grant-Muller SM; Thomopoulos N; Carlson R; Schaefer C; Hjalmarsson A; Luther M (2015) ‘Preliminary User, System Requirements Review and Specification', .
  • Kusumastuiti D; Bie J; Veenstra S; Grant-Muller SM; Thomopoulos M; Klok E; Van Houten Y; Van Berkum E (2013) ‘Evaluation approach for operational success and effectiveness of incentives’, .
  • Grant-Muller SM; Gal-Tzur A (2013) Mind the Gap, Thinking Highways, 8, pp.64-65.
  • Grant-Muller SM; Thomopoulos N; Carlson R; Kusumastuiti D; Klok E; Hjalmarsson A; Hodgson F; Veenstra S (2013) ‘Evaluation methodology and measurement approach’, .
  • Hodgson F; Grant-Muller SM; Dethmers VI (2011) ‘Transport innovation: SUNSET as a platform for people centred mobility’, EG Magazine, pp.1-3.
  • Grant-Muller SM; Merkert R; Thomopoulos N (2009) Understanding the complexities of Transport, Projects magazine, .
  • Grant-Muller SM (2005) SPECTRUM Final report, .
  • Grant-Muller SM; Kelly C; Holvad T; Sessa C; Fagiani P; Jarvi T (2003) Outline specification of a high level framework for Transport instrument packages, .
  • Mayers I; Kelly C; May A; Grant-Muller SM (2003) SPECTRUM deliverable D4: Synergies and conflicts of transport packages, .
  • Grant-Muller SM (1999) ‘Final consolidated progress report’ SORT-IT, .
  • Grant-Muller SM (1999) ‘Summary report: SORT-IT’, .
  • Grant-Muller SM (1999) ‘SORT-IT Dissemination Report’, .
  • Grant-Muller SM; Nellthorp J; Chen H; Pearman A; Tsamboulas D (1998) Innovations in Decision Analysis Deliverable D16: Decision Analysis report and prototype, .
  • Beuthe M; Grant-Muller SM; Leleur S; Konstantinos P; Pearman A; Rehfeld C; Tsamboulas D (1998) ‘Innovations in Decision Analysis (for transport initiatives’ evaluation)’, .
  • Van Der Voort MCM; Dougherty MS; Watson SM (1996) The KARIMA method - combining Kohonen maps with ARIMA time series models to forecast traffic flow, 437, .
  • Clark SD; Watson SM; Redfern EJ; Tight MR (1993) Application of outlier detection and missing value replacement techniques to various forms of traffic count data., Working Paper 384, .
  • Watson SM; Clark SD; Tight MR; Redfern EJ (1992) An influence method for outlier detection applied to time series traffic data., Working Paper 365, .
  • Watson SM; Clark SD; Redfern EJ; Tight MR (1992) Development of an influence statistic for outlier detection with time series traffic data., Working Paper 366, .
  • Watson SM; Tight MR; Clark SD; Redfern EJ (1991) Detection of outliers in time series., Working Paper 362, .

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