Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Professor Oliver Carsten

Professor of Transport Safety

Phone: +44 (0)113 34 35348
Room: 1.12
Email: O.M.J.Carsten@its.leeds.ac.uk_
Research Group: Human Factors and Safety

Key Research Interests

  • New technology and safety; driver assistance systems; speed management; driver distraction; the design and use of driving simulators for safety research; road traffic accident causation.

Employment History

  • 2003–present: Professor of Transport Safety, ITS
  • 1993–2002: Principal Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1989–1993: Senior Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1987–1989: Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1985–1987: Assistant Research Scientist, Statistical Research Group, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI)
  • 1977–1985: Research Assistant/Associate, Senior Research Associate UMTRI

Education

  • B.A., Modern History, Oxford University, 1969
  • M.A., History, The University of Michigan, 1973
  • Ph.D., History, The University of Michigan, 1981

Professional Engagements

  • Chair of Road User Behaviour Working Party of Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety. PACTS provides advice to Parliament and the Government on safety policy.
  • Expert advisor to the European Transport Safety Council. ETSC provides advice to the European Commission and the European Parliament on safety policy.
  • Member of Programme Management Panel of UK Foresight Vehicle Research Programme
  • Chair of International Working Group on Speed Control (IWGOSC is the collaboration of the various national research projects in Intelligent Speed Adaptation)

Research Projects and Experience

  • An Intelligent Traffic System for Vulnerable Road Users (Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE  I, 1989-91)
  • VRU-TOO: Vulnerable Road User Traffic Observation and Optimization (Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE II, 1991-94)
  • HOPES: Horizontal Project for the Evaluation of Safety (Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE II, 1991-95)
  • Speed on Rural Arterial Roads (SERC, 1993-94)
  • Response to Automatic Speed Control in Urban Areas (EPSRC, 1994-96)
  • HINT: Human Implications of New Technologies (European Union DG VII, Transport Research Programme, 1997-98)
  • New Technologies for Preventing Accidents at Junctions (EPSRC, 1997-99).
  • External Vehicle Speed Control (Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, 1997-99)
  • Intelligent Speed Adaptation (Department for Transport, 2000–2006)
  • HASTE: HMI And the Safety of Traffic in Europe (EC Fifth Framework Growth Programme, 2002–2004)
  • EASY: Effects of Automated Systems on Safety (EPSRC, 2007–2009)
  • Speed Limit Adherence and its Effect on Road Safety and Climate Change (Commission for Integrated Transport, 2007–2008)

Teaching

  • Lecturer in Masters module on Safety of Transportation

Papers

Books

  • Carbonell VE; Rothengatter T; Carsten OMJ (2004) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp.339-345.
  • Carsten OMJ (1995) Smart Vehicles, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1993) Pedestrian problems: Can RTI help?, .

Book Chapters

  • Merat N; Jamson AH; Lai FH; Carsten O (2014) Human Factors of Highly Automated Driving: Results from the EASY and CityMobil Projects, Road Vehicle Automation, Lecture Notes in Mobility, Springer International Publishing, pp.113-125. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-05990-7_11
  • Carsten O; Jamson AH (2011) Driving simulators as research tools in traffic psychology, Handbook of Traffic Psychology, pp.87-96. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381984-0.10007-4
  • Barnard YF; Carsten O; Lai F (2011) From Theoretical Model to Experimental Data: A Structured Approach to Design Experiments to Seed a Model of Vehicle Operation with New Systems, In: Carlo CP (Ed) Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation, Springer-Verlag New York Inc, pp.109-117.
  • Merat N; Jamson AH; Lai FCH; Carsten OMJ (2010) Automated driving, secondary task performance and situation awareness, In: de Waard D; Axelsson A; Berglund M; Peters B; Weikert C (Ed) Human Factors: A system view of human, technology and organisation, Shaker Publishing B.V., pp.41-53.
  • Carsten O (2008) Error and motivation in driving., In: de WD; Flemisch F; Lorenz B; Oberheid J; Brookhuis K (Ed) Human Factors for Assistance and Automation, Shaker Publishing, pp.pp.9-pp.31.
  • Carsten O (2007) From driver models to modelling the driver: What do we really need to know about the driver?, Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments: Critical Issues in Driver Interactions with Intelligent Transport Systems, pp.105-120. doi: 10.1007/978-1-84628-618-6_6
  • Carsten OMJ (2006) The HASTE test regime for the safety assessment of in-vehicle information systems, In: DfT (Ed) Behavioural Research in Road Safety 2006: Sixteenth Seminar, Department for Transport, London, pp.186-197.
  • Carsten OMJ; Zakowska L; Jamson AH (2005) Driver's Perception of Self-Explained Road Infrastructure and Architecture, In: Underwood G (Ed) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application, Elsevier, pp.397-406.
  • Carsten OMJ (2005) Mind Over Matter: Who's Controlling the Vehicle and How do We Know, In: Underwood G (Ed) Traffic and Transport Psychology. Theory and Application: Proceedings of the ICTTP 2004, Elsevier, pp.231-242.
  • Carsten OMJ (2002) Multiple Perspectives, In: Fuller R; Santos AG (Ed) Human Factors for Highway Engineers, Pergamon, Oxford., pp.11-21.
  • Carsten OMJ (2000) New technologies and behavior: problem or cure?, In: von HH; Nygren A; Andersson AE (Ed) Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health - Human Behaviour, Fourth International Conference, Tokyo, Springer, Germany, pp.87-106.
  • Carsten OMJ; Comte S; Tate FN (1999) Why change attitudes when we can change behaviour : the case of speed limiters, In: Grayson GB (Ed) Behavioural Research in Road Safety IX, TRL, Crowthorne.
  • Groeger JA; Carsten OMJ; Blana E; Jamson AH (1997) Speed and distance estimation under simulated conditions, In: Gale AG; Brown ID; Haslegrave CM; Taylor SP (Ed) Vision in Vehilcles VII, Elsevier, pp.291-300.
  • Carsten OMJ; Gallimore S (1996) The Leeds driving simulator: A new tool for research in driver behaviour, In: Gale AG (Ed) Vision in Vehicles V, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp.11-18.

Internet Publications

Reports

  • Carsten O; Campsall D; Christie N; Tunbridge R (2016) Fit to Drive?, .
  • Jamson S; Lai FCH; Jamson AH; Horrobin A; Carsten O (2008) Interaction between Speed Choice and Road Environment, .
  • Lai F; Chorlton K; Simpkin R; Fowkes M (2008) Results of Truck Trial, .
  • Tate F; Carsten OMJ (2008) Implementation scenarios., .
  • Carsten O; Fowkes M; Lai F; Chorlton K; Jamson S; Tate F; Simpkin R (2008) Executive summary of project results., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Lai F; Chorlton K; Goodman P; Carslaw D; Hess S (2008) Speed limit adherence and its effect on road safety and climate change: Final report, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Results of Field Trial 2, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Results of Field Trial 3, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Results of Field Trial 4, .
  • Jamson SL; Chorlton K; Jamson AH; Horrobin A; Carsten OMJ (2008) Results of Simulator Experiments., .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Overall field trial results., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Fowkes M; Lai F; Chorlton K; Jamson S; Tate FN; Simpkin R (2008) Intelligent speed adaptation: Final report, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O; Fowkes M; Tjahjono T; Gawthorpe S (2008) Results of Field Trial 1, .
  • Jamson SL; Carsten OMJ; Chorlton K; Fowkes M (2005) Intelligent Speed Adaptation: Literature Review and Scoping Study, .
  • Carsten OMJ (2004) Implications of the first set of HASTE results on driver distraction, pp.100-109.
  • Carsten OMJ; Comte SL; Tate FN (2000) Traffic calming with new technology: accident savings and driver behaviour., .
  • Ward DD; Fowkes M; Jesty PH; Hobley KM; Carsten OMJ (2000) The development and assessment of safety-related UTMC systems., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Fowkes M; Tate FN (2000) Implementing intelligent speed adaptation in the UK: Recommendations of thr EVSC project., .
  • Draskoczy M; Carsten OMJ; Kulmala R (1998) Road safety guidelines., .
  • Rothengatter JA; Carsten OMJ; Labiale G (1995) Route Guidance Evaluation: Simulator Studies., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Timms PM; Brundell-Freij K; Seco A (1995) Safe interaction of pedestrians and vehicles: Behaviour and ATT solutions., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Draskoczy M (1995) The Safety impact of ATT Systems: What have we learned from DRIVE II?, .
  • Grayson GB; Carsten OMJ (1994) Design of route guidance evaluation studies., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Hodgson FC (1994) Pedstrian behaviour and pedestrian signal design., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1993) Framework for prospective traffic safety analysis., .
  • Rothengatter JA; Carsten OMJ; Franzen S; Kulmala T (1993) Feasibility of evaluation work., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1993) VRU-TOO An ATT Project for vulnerable road user safety, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1991) Can Road Transport Informatics help vulnerable road users?, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1991) General specification for the evaluation and experimental design of field trials., .
  • Southwell MT; Carsten OMJ; Tight MR (1990) Contributory factors in urban road accidents., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1990) An intelligent traffic system for vulnerable road users., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Tight MR; Southwell MT (1989) Urban accidents: Why do they happen?, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Road class and large truck involvements in fatal accidents., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Safety implications of truck configuration., .
  • Winckler CB; Fancher PS; Carsten OMJ; Mathew A; Dill P (1986) Improving the dynamic performance of multitrailer vehicles: A study of innovative dollies. Final report., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1986) Relationship of accident type to occupant injuries: Final report, .
  • Campbell KL; Carsten OMJ (1986) Truck accident trends in Michigan, 1978-84: Final Report, .
  • Carsten OMJ; O'Day J (1984) Injury priority analysis: Task A final report, .
  • Wolfe AC; Carsten OMJ (1982) Study of car/truck crashes in the United States, .
  • Campbell KL; Carsten OMJ (1981) Fleet accident evaluation of FMVSS 121: Final Report, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1981) Use of the Nationwide Personal Transportation Study to calculate exposure., .
  • Gimotty PA; Campbell KL; Chirachavala T; Carsten OMJ; O'Day J (1980) Statistical analysis of the National Crash Severity Study data: Final Report, .

Conference Papers

Conference Presentations

  • Carsten O; Merat N (2015) Protective or Not?, 4th International Driver Distraction and Inattention Conference .
  • Merat N; Kountouriotis G; Carsten O; Engstrom J (2015) Performance on the Detection Response Task during driving: Separating the manual and cognitive element of the secondary task, 4th International Driver Distraction and Inattention Conference .
  • Xiong Z; Jamson H; Cohn AG; Carsten O (2013) Ontology for Scenario Orchestration (OSO): A standardised scenario description in driving simulation, ICTIS 2013: Improving Multimodal Transportation Systems - Information, Safety, and Integration - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Transportation Information and Safety pp.1574-1579.
  • Xiong Z; Carsten O; Jamson H; Cohn AG (2012) Driving with Smith: A scenario-aware driver model for driving simulation, 21st Annual Conference on Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation 2012, BRiMS 2012 pp.201-208.
  • Hibberd DL; Jamson SL; Carsten OMJ (2012) Can the Psychological Refractory Period paradigm be used to reduce distraction-related vehicle crashes?, International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology .
  • Carsten O; Lai F; Barnard Y (2010) Semi-automated driving: How does the supported task affect driver response?, IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline) 11, .
  • Barnard Y; Carsten O (2010) Field Operational Tests: challenges and methods, Proceedings of the European Conference on Human Centred Design for Intelligent Transport Systems pp.323-332.
  • Lai FCH; Carsten OMJ (2008) I want to go faster, so get out of my way - an analysis of overriding of the ISA system, the 7th European Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems .
  • Jamson SL; Lai F; Carsten OMJ (2008) Low-cost engineering measures for speed management., DfT Behavioural Seminar .
  • Carsten OMJ; Jamson SL; Chorlton K; Lai FCH (2007) Did we need a long-term study of driving with Intelligent Speed Adaptation or would the earlier short-term studies have been sufficient?, Behavioural Research in Road Safety, Seventeenth Seminar .
  • Carsten OMJ (2007) Did we need a long-term study of driving with Intelligent Speed Adaptation or would the earlier short-term studies have been sufficient?, Department for Transport Behavioural Research in Road Safety 2007 .
  • Carsten OMJ (2005) Mind over matter: who’s controlling the vehicle and how do we know., ICTTP 2005, published in Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application .
  • Carsten OMJ (2005) From driver models to modelling the driver: what do we really need to know about the driver? , International Workshop on Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments, Ispra, Italy, 25-27 May 2005 pp.93-102.
  • Carsten OMJ; Zakowska L; Jamson AH; Cyunel M (2004) Driver's perception of self explained road infrastructure and architecture, 3rd International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, Nottingham, UK pp.397-406.
  • Carsten OMJ (2004) Implications of the first set of HASTE results on driver distraction. , Behavioural Research in Road Safety 2004: Fourteenth Seminar. London: Department for Transport. .
  • Carsten OMJ (2004) ISA - from field trials to reality, PACTS conference 'Targets 2010: No Room for Complacency' London, 10 February .
  • Lai FCH; Carsten OMJ (2003) Safety implications of driver dual-task performance, 10th International Conference on Vision in Vehicles, Granada, Spain .
  • Carsten OMJ; Tate F; Lai FCH (2002) The effect of new technologies on speed distributions., Behavioural Research in Road Safety: Twelfth Seminar. .
  • Carsten OMJ (2002) From behavioural adaptation to safety modelling: predicting the safety impacts of new technology., Behavioural Research in Road Safety: Eleventh Seminar. .
  • Carsten OMJ; Tate F (2001) Intelligent Speed Adaptation: the Best Collision Avoidance System?, 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 4-7 June 2001, Netherlands .
  • Jamson AH; Pyne HC; Carsten OMJ (1999) An evaluation of traffic calming measures using the Leeds Driving Simulator, Paper presented at the Driving Simulation Conference, Paris .
  • Carsten OMJ (1999) (Panel session PS-M3 Intelligent Speed Adaptation in Europe), Paper presented at 6th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, Toronto, Canada .
  • Carsten OMJ (1999) "Can't go, won't go", Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety Conference, Speed : Whose business is it? London .
  • Seco A; Pires Da Costa AH; Carsten OMJ; Sherborne DJ; Tillis T (1998) New strategies for traffic signal control of pedestrian crossings: the advantages of pedestrian real time automatic detection, Paper presented at 8th World Conference on Transport Research, Antwerp, Belgium .
  • Comte S; Carsten OMJ (1998) The effectiveness of ATT and non-ATT treatments for sharp curves on two-lane rural roads, Proceedings of the 9th Internal Conference on Road Safety in Europe, Bergisch Gladbach, Cologne, Germany .
  • Groeger JA; Carsten OMJ; Blana E (1997) Speed and distance estimation under simulated conditions, Paper presented at Vision in Vehicles Conference 7, Marseilles, France .
  • Carsten OMJ; Comte S (1997) UK work on automatic speed control, ICTCT 97 Conference, Lund, Sweden .
  • Comte S; Carsten OMJ (1997) Behavioural response to automatic speed control in urban areas, 13th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association 6, pp.302-304.
  • Carsten OMJ (1997) New systems for accident prevention : review of European research, International Symposium on Real World Crash Injury Research, Leicestershire .
  • Carsten OMJ (1997) Human failure or system failure: problem identification and countermeasures, Human Factors in Road Traffic II: Traffic Psychology and Engineering pp.8-12.
  • Carsten OMJ (1996) What benefits can we gain from telematics?, Paper presented at Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety Conference, Transport Telematics and Road Safety, London .
  • Carsten OMJ (1996) 'Harriet and the Matches' or 'Johnny Head in Air', Paper presented at International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, Valencia, Spain .
  • Carsten OMJ (1996) An academic's perspective: innovative solutions in road safety, Paper presented at Royal Society for Prevention of Accidents 61st Road Safety Congress, Plymouth, UK .
  • Carsten OMJ (1996) Results of VRU-TOO, Eighth ICTCT Workshop, Safety of Urban Transport with Focus on Pedestrian Problems, Paris .
  • Pyne HC; Carsten OMJ; Tight MR (1995) Speed on rural arterial roads., VTI .
  • Carsten OMJ (1995) Speed on arterial roads., Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety Conference, Accidents on Rural Roads: What is to be done? .
  • Tight MR; Carsten OMJ (1992) The use of advanced technology to assist vulnerable road users, The use of advanced technology to assist vulnerable road users .
  • Carsten OMJ (1991) Guidelines on System Safety, Man-Machine Interaction and Traffic Safety., Commision of the European Communities, DG XIII, Brussels, June .
  • Tight MR; Carsten OMJ (1990) Urban road accidents: an in-depth study., PTRC Summer Annual Meeting, Seminar G .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Large truck exposure and accident rates., National Truck Safety Symposium, Washington .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Rear-end collisions and conspicuity., National Truck Safety Symposium, Washington .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Accidents by road class: myth and reality., National Truck Safety Symposium .
  • Carsten OMJ (1986) Overview of the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute large-truck survey program., International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights and Dimensions, Kelowna, British Columbia .
  • Carsten OMJ (1981) Child and adult travel exposure and fatality risk, American Association for Automotive Medicine .

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