Dr Giulio Mattioli
Key research interests
- Car dependence
- Sustainable transport & transport-related social exclusion
- Transport poverty & affordability and its relationships with fuel and housing poverty
- The mobility and energy intensity of social practices
- Quantitative data analysis techniques
- 2017-present, Research Fellow, Sustainability Research Institute & Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds
- 2014-2017, Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds
- 2013-2014, Research Fellow, Centre for Transport Research, University of Aberdeen
- 2013, External Research Assistant, Chair of Integrated Transport Planning (IVP), Berlin Institute of Technology
- 2008-2011, Research Assistant, Department of Sociology, University of Milan-Bicocca
- PhD, Urban and Local European Studies (URBEUR), University of Milan-Bicocca, 2013
- Visiting PhD Student at Department of Sociology, Lancaster University & Chair of Integrated Transport Planning (IVP), Berlin Institute of Technology, 2011-2012
- MSc (Hons) Sociology, University of Milan-Bicocca, 2009
- BSc (Hons) Sociology, University of Milan-Bicocca, 2006
Main Guest Editor for forthcoming Special Issue of Transport Policy on 'Household transport costs, economic stress and vulnerability, at the interface between mobility, domestic energy and residential location'. (2015-present)
Member of the organising group of 'What energy is for: the making and dynamics of demand' - The DEMAND Centre Conference 2016. Co-convenor of workshop sessions 'Energy and money' and 'Cross-national and cross-cultural research on energy demand'. (2015-2016)
Member of the steering committee of the colloquium "Future Automobility: Does the car have a Sustainable and Ethical Future?" (2013-2014)
LiLi project website: http://lili.leeds.ac.uk/
(t)ERES project website: https://teresproject.wordpress.com/
DEMAND Research Centre: www.demand.ac.uk
RESEARCH PROJECTS AND EXPERIENCE
Energy-related economic stress in the UK, at the interface between transport, housing and fuel poverty, Project Manager & Main Researcher, 2014-2016
This 18 months project commenced in November 2014 and is attached to the DEMAND (Dynamics of Energy, Mobility and Demand) Research Centre and funded by funded by EPSRC as part of the EUED (End Use Energy Demand) programme. It involves Prof. Greg Marsden (Principal Investigator), Prof. Jillian Anable and Dr. Karen Lucas (Co-Investigators).
At present, home energy issues are framed in terms of reducing energy consumption and emissions while at the same time taking into account fuel poverty - an established area of interest for British policy and research. The same is not true for transport poverty and economic stress, which are currently under researched. This is despite transport costs being an increasingly significant item of household expenditure, and a major cause of public concern in the UK - notably for low income car-owning households, who spend 31% of their income on transport.
The project will develop the concept of transport poverty, exploring its relationships with housing and fuel poverty, and implications for energy demand reduction and social justice. It will develop connections between the British academic and policy debate and similar debates abroad, where issues of increasing transport costs and vulnerability to oil price spikes have been framed in terms of sustainable spatial development, highlighting the interlinkages between transport and housing affordability.
The following research questions will guide the study:
- What are the systematic patterns of transport poverty and economic stress in the UK, in terms of socio-demographics, geographic distribution and relationships with housing and fuel poverty?
- What do these patterns suggest for the distributional and total demand implications of energy demand reduction policies and scenarios for the UK?
The project has been designed to have a symbiotic relationship with other on-going work on qualitative understandings of transport needs and affordability within the DEMAND Centre. It will inform DEMAND's work with hard figures on transport poverty and economic stress, while at the same time using their qualitative findings to inform a critical discussion of existing data sets and to orientate the quantitative analysis.
A set of 5 interdependent workpackages, mostly consisting of secondary quantitative analysis, will span 18 months. The specific goals are:
- to conceptualise the relationships between transport, housing and fuel poverty in an interdisciplinary and international perspective, based on an international literature review
- to explore patterns of transport spending and its relationship with spending on housing and domestic energy in the UK, by analysing recent family expenditure data (Living Costs and Food Survey 2012)
- to explore material deprivation and economic stress in low-income car owning households in the UK and the EU, based on the EU-SILC dataset
- to explore more geographically detailed patterns of transport poverty for a metropolitan area characterised by high levels of deprivation, by analysing the Merseyside Travel Poverty Survey
- to exploit MOT Tests and Results Data to understand the potential role of technological lags for lower income groups in aggravating transport poverty and economic stress, and to produce UK-wide maps of the fuel-related economic stress and oil vulnerability of car users
The project aims to challenge the current "silo" approach of policy making, in which issues of transport, housing and fuel poverty are seen as separate. A series of written outputs (publicly available working paper and report, policy briefing) and public engagement events (2-day international interdisciplinary workshop and final dissemination event) will aim to highlight the significance of transport poverty and to bring together a cross-sectoral audience of stakeholders, with potential impacts in terms of cross-fertilization and knowledge sharing. The ambition is to contribute to the development of innovative cross-sectoral policies, along the lines of measures experimented abroad (e.g. location efficient mortgages, mobility-efficiency certificates for building, online tools for calculating the mobility costs of residential relocation).
DEMAND Theme 1: Trends and Patterns in Energy Demand, Researcher (Centre for Transport Research, University of Aberdeen), 2013-2014
Analyses of historical trends and future projections of consumer energy demand are typically broad-brush, based on current levels of consumption modified by forecast population and GDP changes. The detail of when, how and by whom energy is used is hidden from analytic view, but is crucial for estimating future demand and assessing likely responses to smart grid/decentralised systems: for example, which end uses are likely to change, how do practices vary, how does this affect peak load? There is a clear need for substantially more sophisticated analyses of spatial, temporal and social variations in end use practices in order to produce more refined scenarios of future demand, and to inform current policy initiatives and critically examine their effects.
Research activities in this theme are creatively integrating and analysing existing data to meet this need and inform other projects in the DEMAND Centre’s programme.
The work of the Aberdeen Team (Mattioli & Anable) has focused on transport, resulting in two studies on the car dependence of social practices and on carbon-intensive patterns of food shopping travel.
- Mattioli G; Anable J (2017) Gross polluters for food shopping travel: An activity-based typology, Travel Behaviour and Society, 6, pp.19-31. doi: 10.1016/j.tbs.2016.04.002
- Morton C; Budd TM; Harrison G; Mattioli G (2017) Exploring the expectations of transport professionals concerning the future automobility system: Visions, challenges, and transitions, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 11, pp.493-506. doi: 10.1080/15568318.2016.1275891
- Mattioli G (2016) Transport needs in a climate-constrained world. A novel framework to reconcile social and environmental sustainability in transport, Energy Research and Social Science, 18, pp.118-128. doi: 10.1016/j.erss.2016.03.025
- Mattioli G; Anable J; Vrotsou K (2016) Car dependent practices: Findings from a sequence pattern mining study of UK time use data, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 89, pp.56-72. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.04.010
- Lucas K; Mattioli G; Verlinghieri E; Guzman A (2016) Transport poverty and its adverse social consequences, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport, 169, pp.353-365. doi: 10.1680/jtran.15.00073
- Mattioli G (2014) Where Sustainable Transport and Social Exclusion Meet: Households Without Cars and Car Dependence in Great Britain, Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 16, pp.379-400. doi: 10.1080/1523908X.2013.858592
- Mattioli G (2013) Car Dependence, Sustainability and the Transport Policy Stalemate: The Potential Trade-offs between Intra- and Inter-generational Equity, The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, 8, pp.45-57.
- Mattioli G (2011) Scelta modale, atteggiamenti e condivisione dello spazio nella mobilità quotidiana, Sociologia Urbana e Rurale, 94, pp.103-118. doi: 10.3280/SUR2011-094008
- Mattioli G; Colleoni M (2015) Transport Disadvantage, Car Dependence and Urban Form, In: Pucci P; Colleoni M (Ed) Understanding Mobilities for Designing Contemporary Cities, Research for Development, Springer International Publishing, pp.1-337. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-22578-4
- Mattioli G (2014) Moving through the city with strangers? Public transport as a significant type of urban public space, Walking in the European City: Quotidian Mobility and Urban Ethnography, pp.57-74.
- Mattioli G (2013) Different worlds of non-motoring: households without cars in Germany, In: Scheiner J; Blotevogel H-H; Frank S; Holz-Rau C; Schuster N (Ed) Mobilitäten und Immobilitäten: Menschen, Ideen, Dinge, Kulturen, Kapital, Blaue Reihe, 142, Klartext, pp.207-216.
- Mattioli G (2013) Sharing space with strangers in moving public places: social mixing and secessionism in mobility, Urban public space: Facing the challenges of mobility and aestheticization, Peter Lang, pp.31-59.
- Mattioli G; Shove E; Torriti J (2014) The timing and societal synchronisation of energy demand, .
- Marsden G; Mattioli G; Whiteing A; Jones I; Cepeda M; Atkinson P; Palmer K; Edwards H; Wadud Z; Burkinshaw J (In press) Section 1: New trends in transport demand and related impact on transport systems and patterns, pp.11-52. doi: 10.2861/64175
- Zajczyk F; Boffi M; Colleoni M; Airoldi A; Bardo S; Mattioli G; Melzi C (2011) Piano Intercomunale della Mobilita' Sostenibile, .
- Mattioli G; Lucas K; Marsden G (2016) The affordability of household transport costs: quantifying the incidence of car-related economic stress in Great Britain, Universities' Transport Study Group .
- Mattioli G (2015) Energy-related economic stress at the interface between transport, housing and fuel poverty: a multinational study, pp.254-257.
- Mattioli G; Boffi M; Colleoni M (2012) Milan’s pollution charge: sustainable transport and the politics of evidence, http://www.berlinconference.org/2012/ .
- Mattioli G; Philips I; Anable J; Chatterton T (2017) Developing an index of vulnerability to motor fuel price increases in England, http://www.utsg.net/web/index.php?page=archives .