Professor Richard Batley
Director of the Institute
Professor of Transport Demand & Valuation
For appointments/diary management please contact Jennifer Cleaver.
Key Research Interests
- Microeconomics of transport demand and welfare
- Theoretical basis of discrete choice models, especially the Random Utility Model
- Valuation of non-market goods in transport, especially time savings and reliability
- Application of discrete choice models to public policy analysis
- Pro-Dean for Research & Innovation, Faculty of Environment, University of Leeds (Aug 2015 - Sept 2016)
- Professor, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (Sept 2014 - date)
- Director of Research & Innovation, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (Sept 2011 - May 2014)
- Principal Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (Aug 2007 - Sept 2014)
- Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (Aug 2001 - July 2007)
- Research Fellow, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (July 2000 - July 2001)
- Research Officer, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds (Jan 2000 - June 2000)
- Research Assistant, HETA Division, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, London (Aug 1997 - Jan 1998)
- BSc. Agricultural Economics with First Class Honours (University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1994)
- MA Transport Economics with Distinction (University of Leeds, 1996)
- Doctor of Philosophy (University of Leeds, 1999)
- Member of the Department for Transport's Joint Analysis Development Panel (2015 - date)
- Academic/expert peer reviewer for numerous international journals, national science councils, government departments and other similar public agencies.
- Member of the Academic Committee for the International Choice Modelling Conference (2008 - date)
- Member of Editorial Advisory Board for Journal of Choice Modelling (2007 - date)
- Organiser of the 39th Annual Conference of UTSG, Harrogate, January 2007, with responsibility for all aspects of planning
Research Projects and Experience
Richard has been associated with the University of Leeds for more than 20 years, firstly as a postgraduate taught course student, then as a PhD student, before joining the staff of the University in 2000. Since his initial appointment as a Research Officer at the Institute for Transport Studies (ITS), he has gradually progressed on a research and innovation track, culminating in his promotion to a Chair in 2014.
With a disciplinary background in transport economics, Richard’s specialist expertise covers two related areas: first, valuing qualitative aspects of travel (e.g. journey time, punctuality and comfort) in monetary terms, and second, forecasting the impacts of changes in these qualitative aspects on the demand for travel. He has operated mainly at the interface between academe and public policy, and can demonstrate lasting impacts from his research, especially in the form of official UK policy and practitioner guidance issued to transport operators and transport scheme promoters. Richard has reported research outcomes to senior public servants and politicians (e.g. to transport ministers, and to the House of Commons Transport Select Committee).
Within the University, Richard has acquired comprehensive leadership experience in a research and innovation context, through 5 years’ experience as a research group leader at ITS, a 3 year term as ITS’s Director of Research and Innovation (including leadership of ITS’s REF2014 submission), and his recent 1 year appointment as interim Pro-Dean for Research and Innovation in the Faculty of Environment. He was appointed Director of ITS in September 2016.
Richard also brings substantial experience as a project director and manager. In the course of his 16 years’ employment at the University, he has led or made significant contributions to around 25 research and consultancy studies for government or industry, including studies for the Department for Transport (multiple contracts across several divisions), National Audit Office, Office of Rail Regulation, and Rail Safety and Standards Board. He recently led the ITS team contributing to the major DfT study which revised official UK valuations of travel time savings.
- TRAN5060 Welfare Economics and Cost-Benefit Analysis
- Established supervisor for theses/dissertations in the area of economics and discrete choice modelling, especially non-market valuation and welfare analysis
- Hess S; Daly A; Dekker T; Cabral MO; Batley R (2017) A framework for capturing heterogeneity, heteroskedasticity, non-linearity, reference dependence and design artefacts in value of time research, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 96, pp.126-149. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2016.11.002
- Batley R (2016) Income effects, cost damping and the value of time: theoretical properties embedded within practical travel choice models, Transportation, pp.1-18. doi: 10.1007/s11116-016-9744-0
- Batley R; Hess S (2016) Testing for regularity and stochastic transitivity using the structural parameter of nested logit, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 93, pp.355-376. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2016.07.018
- Leahy C; Batley R; Chen H (2016) Toward an automated methodology for the valuation of reliability, Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems: Technology, Planning, and Operations, 20, pp.334-344. doi: 10.1080/15472450.2015.1091736
- Ojeda-Cabral M; Hess S; Batley R (2016) Understanding valuation of travel time changes: are preferences different under different stated choice design settings?, Transportation, pp.1-21. doi: 10.1007/s11116-016-9716-4
- Ojeda Cabral M; Batley R; Hess S (2016) The value of travel time: random utility versus random valuation, Transportmetrica A: Transport Science, 12, pp.230-248. doi: 10.1080/23249935.2015.1125398
- Wardman M; Batley R; Laird J; Mackie P; Bates J (2015) How should business travel time savings be valued?, Economics of Transportation, 4, pp.200-214. doi: 10.1016/j.ecotra.2015.08.003
- Wheat P; Batley R (2015) Quantifying and decomposing the uncertainty in appraisal value of travel time savings, Transport Policy, 44, pp.134-142. doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2015.06.010
- Batley R (2015) The Hensher equation: derivation, interpretation and implications for practical implementation, Transportation, 42, pp.257-275. doi: 10.1007/s11116-014-9536-3
- Wardman M; Batley R (2014) Travel time reliability: a review of late time valuations, elasticities and demand impacts in the passenger rail market in Great Britain, Transportation, 41, pp.1041-1069. doi: 10.1007/s11116-014-9526-5
- Leahy CJ; Chen H; Batley R (2014) Reliability Equivalence in Public Transport Contexts, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 138, pp.185-192. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.194
- Batley R; Ibañez JN (2013) On the path independence conditions for discrete-continuous demand, Journal of Choice Modelling, 7, pp.13-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jocm.2013.04.011
- Batley R; Ibáñez JN (2012) Randomness in preference orderings, outcomes and attribute tastes: An application to journey time risk, Journal of Choice Modelling, 5, pp.157-175. doi: 10.1016/j.jocm.2013.03.003
- Sivakumar A; Batley R; Polak JW (2012) Toward the future of travel behaviour and demand modelling, Transportation Letters, 4, pp.75-77. doi: 10.3328/TL.2012.04.02.75-77
- Batley R; Dargay J; Wardman M (2011) The impact of lateness and reliability on passenger rail demand, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 47, pp.61-72. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2010.07.004
- Wyatt JC; Batley RP; Keen J (2010) GP preferences for information systems: Conjoint analysis of speed, reliability, access and users, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 16, pp.911-915. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01217.x
- Preston J; Wall G; Batley R; Ibáñez JN; Shires J (2009) Impact of delays on passenger train services: Evidence from Great Britain, Transportation Research Record, pp.14-23. doi: 10.3141/2117-03
- Whelan G; Batley R; Shires J; Wardman M (2008) Optimal fares regulation for Britain's railways, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 44, pp.807-819. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2007.03.005
- Whelan GA; Batley RP; Shires JD; Wardman MR (2008) Optimal Fares Regulation for Britain's Railways, Transportation Research Part E - Logistics and Transportation Review, 44, pp.807-819. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2007.03.005
- Jamson S; Wardman M; Batley R; Carsten O (2008) Developing a driving Safety Index using a Delphi stated preference experiment, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 40, pp.435-442. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2007.07.014
- Batley R (2008) On ordinal utility, cardinal utility and random utility, Theory and Decision, 64, pp.37-63. doi: 10.1007/s11238-007-9046-2
- Batley R (2007) Marginal valuations of travel time and scheduling, and the reliability premium, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 43, pp.387-408. doi: 10.1016/j.tre.2006.06.004
- Batley R; Daly A (2006) On the equivalence between elimination-by-aspects and generalised extreme value models of choice behaviour, Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 50, pp.456-467. doi: 10.1016/j.jmp.2006.05.003
- Bristow AL; Batley R; Wardman M; Hullah P; Plachinski E (2005) Modelling annoyance from aircraft noise using a range of indices: Lyon and Manchester airports, International Congress on Noise Control Engineering 2005, INTERNOISE 2005, 1, pp.630-639.
- Batley RP; Toner JP; Knight MJ (2004) A mixed logit model of U.K. household demand for alternative-fuel vehicles, International Journal of Transport Economics, 31, pp.55-77.
- Batley RP; Ibáñez JN (2013) Applied Welfare Economics with Discrete Choice Models: Implications of Theory for Empirical Specification, In: Hess S; Daly A (Ed) Choice Modelling: The State of the Art and the State of Practice, Edward Elgar, pp.144-171.
- Batley RP; Whelan GA (2005) Expert Guidance on the Mixed Logit Model: Procedures and Documentation, .
- Wardman MR; Batley R; Laird J; Mackie P; Fowkes A; Lyons G; Bates J; Eliasson J (2013) VALUATION OF TRAVEL TIME SAVINGS FOR BUSINESS TRAVELLERS, .
- Batley RP; Mackie P; Bates J; Fowkes A; Hess S; de Jong G; Wardman M; Fosgerau M (2013) UPDATING APPRAISAL VALUES FOR TRAVEL TIME SAVINGS PHASE 1 STUDY, .
- Gühnemann A; Batley R; Figlar B; Öttl G (2011) MIME - Analysis of different noise permit and market methods, .
- Batley RP; Whelan GA (2003) Sections 3-9 of 'Mode choice models: bespoke and transferred', .
- Leahy C; Chen H; Batley R (2014) Reliability Equivalence in Public Transport Contexts, 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION STUDIES (ICTTS 2014) 138, pp.185-192. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.194
- Batley RP (2005) Further exposition of the value of reliability, European Regional Science Conference, Vrije University, Amsterdam, 23-27th August 2005 pp.1-22.
- Batley RP; Toner JP (2003) Hierarchical Elimination-by-Aspects and Nested Logit Models of Stated Preferences for Alternative Fuel Vehicles, Association for European Transport, European Transport Conference 2003, Strasbourg, France .
- Ojeda-Cabral M; Batley R; Hess S (2016) The value of travel time: random utility versus random valuation, Transportmetrica A: Transport Science 12, pp.230-248. doi: 10.1080/23249935.2015.1125398
- Ojeda-Cabral M; Batley RP; Hess S (2015) Understanding individuals' valuations of travel time: the role of stated choice design variables, 14th International Conference on Travel Behaviour Research, Windsor. .
- Ojeda Cabral MA; Batley RP; Hess S (2014) A comparison of the national value of time studies in the UK and Denmark, ITEA Khumo Nectar .
- Batley RP; Hess S (2013) Simple Test for Identifying Violations of Random Utility Model, 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. .
- Ojeda Cabral M; Batley RP; Hess S (2013) The Value of Travel Time Changes and Three Key Sources of Variation, International Conference on Uncertainties in Transport Infrastructure Evaluation, Copenhagen .
- Batley RP; Hess S (2012) A simple test for identifying violations of the Random Utility Model (RUM), 13th International Conference on Travel Behaviour Research, Toronto. .
- Batley R; Dargay JM; Ibanez JN; Wardman MR; Shires JD (2008) An Econometric Analysis of the Impact of Reliability on Passenger Rail Demand, European Transport Conference Proceedings 2008 .
- De Jong G; Daly AJ; Batley R; Ibáñez GC; De Bok M (2008) Welfare Measures In The Presence Of Income Effect., AET European Transport Conference .
- Paglione G; Batley RP; Ibanez JN; Whiteing AE (2007) Cooperation to reduce the environmental impact of urban logistics: developing a random utility model of inter-agency choice between different city logistics strategy, Logistics Research Network Annual Conference 2007. 5th-7th September 2007, Hull, UK .
- Paglione G; Batley RP; Ibanez JN (2007) Theoretical issues in the development of a Random Utility Model of Inter-Agency choice, with an application to city logistics, European Transport Conference 2007. 17 - 19 October, Leiden, The Netherlands .
- Batley RP; Ibanez JN; Wardman MR; Shires JD; Whelan GA (2007) A discrete choice study to assess the impact of reliability on passenger rail demand, European Transport Conference 2007, 17 - 19 October, Leiden, The Netherlands .
- Sumalee A; Connors RD; Batley RP (2005) The applicability of Prospect Theory to the analysis of transport networks, European Transport Conference, AET 2005, Strasbourg, France .
- Ibanez JN; Batley RP (2005) Alternative presentations of the random utility model , Association for European Transport, European Transport Conference 2005, Strasbourg, France .
- Whelan GA; Toner JP; Wardman MR; Nash CA; Batley RP (2005) Optimal Fares Regulation for Britain’s Railways, European Transport Conference, AET 2005 .
- Nellthorp J; Batley RP (2004) Does a model of individual willingness to pay need the concept of utility?, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg, 4-6 October 2004 .
- Batley RP; Daly AJ (2004) Departure time choice under uncertainty: a model of random utility maximisation for wagers, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg .
- Batley RP; Daly AJ (2003) Establishing equivalence between nested logit and hierarchical elimination-by-aspects models, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg .
- Batley RP; Knight M; Toner JP (2003) A Mixed Logit Model of the Demand for Alternative Fuel Vehicles, UTSG Conference, 2003. .
- Batley RP; Daly AJ; Whelan GA; Fowkes AS (2002) Modelling choice set generation in the context of route choice, UTSG Annual Conference 2002, Edinburgh .
- Clark SD; Batley RP (2002) Estimation of Drivers Route Choice Using Multi-Peroid Multinominal Choice Models, 13th Mini-EURO Conference: Handling Uncertainty in the Analysis of Traffic and Transportation Systems, Polytechnique University of Bari .
- Whelan GA; Batley RP; Fowkes AS; Daly AJ (2002) Flexible Models for Analysing Route and Departure Time Choice, European Transport Conference, Cambridge, 2002. .
- Batley RP; Fowkes AS; Whelan GA; Daly AJ (2001) Models for Choice of Departure Time, European Transport Conference, Cambridge, 2001. .
- Batley RP; Fowkes AS; Watling DP; Whelan GA; Daly AJ; Hato E (2001) Models for analysing route choice, Universities Transport Study Group conference, Oxford, 2001 .
- Batley RP (2001) A logit-based framework for modelling compensatory and non-compensatory choices, European Transport Conference 2001, University of Cambridge .
- Batley RP (2000) Implications of task complexity for discrete choice analysis: a comparative study of nested logit and PRETREE, European Transport Conference 2000: Proceedings of Seminar F, PTRC, London .
- Batley RP (2000) Decision process models for complex hypothetical choice tasks, Paper to be presented at 32nd Annual Conference of the Universities Transport Studies Group, to be held at University of Liverpool, January 2000. (Unpublished). .