Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Professor Oliver Carsten

Professor of Transport Safety

Phone: +44 (0)113 34 35348
Room: 1.12
Research Group: Human Factors and Safety

Key Research Interests

  • New technology and safety; driver assistance systems; speed management; driver distraction; the design and use of driving simulators for safety research; road traffic accident causation.

Employment History

  • 2003–present: Professor of Transport Safety, ITS
  • 1993–2002: Principal Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1989–1993: Senior Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1987–1989: Research Fellow, ITS
  • 1985–1987: Assistant Research Scientist, Statistical Research Group, University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI)
  • 1977–1985: Research Assistant/Associate, Senior Research Associate UMTRI


  • B.A., Modern History, Oxford University, 1969
  • M.A., History, The University of Michigan, 1973
  • Ph.D., History, The University of Michigan, 1981

Professional Engagements

  • Chair of Road User Behaviour Working Party of Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety. PACTS provides advice to Parliament and the Government on safety policy.
  • Expert advisor to the European Transport Safety Council. ETSC provides advice to the European Commission and the European Parliament on safety policy.
  • Member of Programme Management Panel of UK Foresight Vehicle Research Programme
  • Chair of International Working Group on Speed Control (IWGOSC is the collaboration of the various national research projects in Intelligent Speed Adaptation)

Research Projects and Experience

  • An Intelligent Traffic System for Vulnerable Road Users (Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE  I, 1989-91)
  • VRU-TOO: Vulnerable Road User Traffic Observation and Optimization (Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE II, 1991-94)
  • HOPES: Horizontal Project for the Evaluation of Safety (Commission of the European Communities, DRIVE II, 1991-95)
  • Speed on Rural Arterial Roads (SERC, 1993-94)
  • Response to Automatic Speed Control in Urban Areas (EPSRC, 1994-96)
  • HINT: Human Implications of New Technologies (European Union DG VII, Transport Research Programme, 1997-98)
  • New Technologies for Preventing Accidents at Junctions (EPSRC, 1997-99).
  • External Vehicle Speed Control (Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, 1997-99)
  • Intelligent Speed Adaptation (Department for Transport, 2000–2006)
  • HASTE: HMI And the Safety of Traffic in Europe (EC Fifth Framework Growth Programme, 2002–2004)
  • EASY: Effects of Automated Systems on Safety (EPSRC, 2007–2009)
  • Speed Limit Adherence and its Effect on Road Safety and Climate Change (Commission for Integrated Transport, 2007–2008)


  • Lecturer in Masters module on Safety of Transportation



  • Carbonell VE; Rothengatter T; Carsten OMJ (2004) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp.339-345.
  • Carsten OMJ (1995) Smart Vehicles, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1993) Pedestrian problems: Can RTI help?, .

Book Chapters

  • Merat N; Jamson AH; Lai FH; Carsten O (2014) Human Factors of Highly Automated Driving: Results from the EASY and CityMobil Projects, Road Vehicle Automation, Lecture Notes in Mobility, Springer International Publishing, pp.113-125. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-05990-7_11
  • Carsten O; Jamson AH (2011) Driving simulators as research tools in traffic psychology, Handbook of Traffic Psychology, pp.87-96. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381984-0.10007-4
  • Barnard YF; Carsten O; Lai F (2011) From Theoretical Model to Experimental Data: A Structured Approach to Design Experiments to Seed a Model of Vehicle Operation with New Systems, In: Carlo CP (Ed) Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation, Springer-Verlag New York Inc, pp.109-117.
  • Merat N; Jamson AH; Lai FCH; Carsten OMJ (2010) Automated driving, secondary task performance and situation awareness, In: de Waard D; Axelsson A; Berglund M; Peters B; Weikert C (Ed) Human Factors: A system view of human, technology and organisation, Shaker Publishing B.V., pp.41-53.
  • Carsten O (2008) Error and motivation in driving., In: de WD; Flemisch F; Lorenz B; Oberheid J; Brookhuis K (Ed) Human Factors for Assistance and Automation, Shaker Publishing, pp.pp.9-pp.31.
  • Carsten O (2007) From driver models to modelling the driver: What do we really need to know about the driver?, Modelling Driver Behaviour in Automotive Environments: Critical Issues in Driver Interactions with Intelligent Transport Systems, pp.105-120. doi: 10.1007/978-1-84628-618-6_6
  • Carsten OMJ (2006) The HASTE test regime for the safety assessment of in-vehicle information systems, In: DfT (Ed) Behavioural Research in Road Safety 2006: Sixteenth Seminar, Department for Transport, London, pp.186-197.
  • Carsten OMJ (2005) Mind Over Matter: Who's Controlling the Vehicle and How do We Know, In: Underwood G (Ed) Traffic and Transport Psychology. Theory and Application: Proceedings of the ICTTP 2004, Elsevier, pp.231-242.
  • Carsten OMJ; Zakowska L; Jamson AH (2005) Driver's Perception of Self-Explained Road Infrastructure and Architecture, In: Underwood G (Ed) Traffic and Transport Psychology: Theory and Application, Elsevier, pp.397-406.
  • Carsten OMJ (2002) Multiple Perspectives, In: Fuller R; Santos AG (Ed) Human Factors for Highway Engineers, Pergamon, Oxford., pp.11-21.
  • Carsten OMJ (2000) New technologies and behavior: problem or cure?, In: von HH; Nygren A; Andersson AE (Ed) Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health - Human Behaviour, Fourth International Conference, Tokyo, Springer, Germany, pp.87-106.
  • Carsten OMJ; Comte S; Tate FN (1999) Why change attitudes when we can change behaviour : the case of speed limiters, In: Grayson GB (Ed) Behavioural Research in Road Safety IX, TRL, Crowthorne.
  • Groeger JA; Carsten OMJ; Blana E; Jamson AH (1997) Speed and distance estimation under simulated conditions, In: Gale AG; Brown ID; Haslegrave CM; Taylor SP (Ed) Vision in Vehilcles VII, Elsevier, pp.291-300.
  • Carsten OMJ; Gallimore S (1996) The Leeds driving simulator: A new tool for research in driver behaviour, In: Gale AG (Ed) Vision in Vehicles V, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp.11-18.

Internet Publications


  • Carsten O; Campsall D; Christie N; Tunbridge R (2016) Fit to Drive?, Fit to Drive?, .
  • Jamson S; Lai FCH; Jamson AH; Horrobin A; Carsten O (2008) Interaction between Speed Choice and Road Environment, Road Safety Research Report, .
  • Lai F; Chorlton K; Simpkin R; Fowkes M (2008) Results of Truck Trial, .
  • Tate F; Carsten OMJ (2008) Implementation scenarios., .
  • Carsten O; Fowkes M; Lai F; Chorlton K; Jamson S; Tate F; Simpkin R (2008) Executive summary of project results., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Lai F; Chorlton K; Goodman P; Carslaw D; Hess S (2008) Speed limit adherence and its effect on road safety and climate change: Final report, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Results of Field Trial 2, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Results of Field Trial 3, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Results of Field Trial 4, .
  • Jamson SL; Chorlton K; Jamson AH; Horrobin A; Carsten OMJ (2008) Results of Simulator Experiments., .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O (2008) Overall field trial results., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Fowkes M; Lai F; Chorlton K; Jamson S; Tate FN; Simpkin R (2008) Intelligent speed adaptation: Final report, .
  • Lai FCH; Chorlton K; Carsten O; Fowkes M; Tjahjono T; Gawthorpe S (2008) Results of Field Trial 1, .
  • Jamson SL; Carsten OMJ; Chorlton K; Fowkes M (2005) Intelligent Speed Adaptation: Literature Review and Scoping Study, .
  • Carsten OMJ (2004) Implications of the first set of HASTE results on driver distraction, pp.100-109.
  • Carsten OMJ; Comte SL; Tate FN (2000) Traffic calming with new technology: accident savings and driver behaviour., .
  • Ward DD; Fowkes M; Jesty PH; Hobley KM; Carsten OMJ (2000) The development and assessment of safety-related UTMC systems., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Fowkes M; Tate FN (2000) Implementing intelligent speed adaptation in the UK: Recommendations of thr EVSC project., .
  • Draskoczy M; Carsten OMJ; Kulmala R (1998) Road safety guidelines., .
  • Rothengatter JA; Carsten OMJ; Labiale G (1995) Route Guidance Evaluation: Simulator Studies., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Timms PM; Brundell-Freij K; Seco A (1995) Safe interaction of pedestrians and vehicles: Behaviour and ATT solutions., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Draskoczy M (1995) The Safety impact of ATT Systems: What have we learned from DRIVE II?, .
  • Grayson GB; Carsten OMJ (1994) Design of route guidance evaluation studies., .
  • Carsten OMJ; Hodgson FC (1994) Pedstrian behaviour and pedestrian signal design., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1993) Framework for prospective traffic safety analysis., .
  • Rothengatter JA; Carsten OMJ; Franzen S; Kulmala T (1993) Feasibility of evaluation work., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1993) VRU-TOO An ATT Project for vulnerable road user safety, VTI Rapport, 380A, Part 3, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1991) Can Road Transport Informatics help vulnerable road users?, pp. 1031-1036, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1991) General specification for the evaluation and experimental design of field trials., .
  • Southwell MT; Carsten OMJ; Tight MR (1990) Contributory factors in urban road accidents., .
  • Carsten OMJ (1990) An intelligent traffic system for vulnerable road users., pp. 11-30, .
  • Carsten OMJ; Tight MR; Southwell MT (1989) Urban accidents: Why do they happen?, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Road class and large truck involvements in fatal accidents., UMTRI-87-19, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1987) Safety implications of truck configuration., .
  • Winckler CB; Fancher PS; Carsten OMJ; Mathew A; Dill P (1986) Improving the dynamic performance of multitrailer vehicles: A study of innovative dollies. Final report., UMTRI-86-26, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1986) Relationship of accident type to occupant injuries: Final report, UMTRI-86-15, .
  • Campbell KL; Carsten OMJ (1986) Truck accident trends in Michigan, 1978-84: Final Report, UMTRI-86-16, .
  • Carsten OMJ; O'Day J (1984) Injury priority analysis: Task A final report, UMTRI-84-24, .
  • Wolfe AC; Carsten OMJ (1982) Study of car/truck crashes in the United States, UM-HSRI-82-2, .
  • Campbell KL; Carsten OMJ (1981) Fleet accident evaluation of FMVSS 121: Final Report, UM-HSRI-81-9, .
  • Carsten OMJ (1981) Use of the Nationwide Personal Transportation Study to calculate exposure., .
  • Gimotty PA; Campbell KL; Chirachavala T; Carsten OMJ; O'Day J (1980) Statistical analysis of the National Crash Severity Study data: Final Report, UM-HSRI-80-38, .

Conference Papers

Other Publications

Search site