Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Dr Jeremy Toner

Senior Lecturer in Transport Economics

Phone: +44 (0)113 34 36617
Room: 3.01
Research Group: Economics and Appraisal

Research Experience

  • Since obtaining his bachelor's degree in 1985, Dr Toner has been based at ITS firstly as a student (MA 1986, PhD 1991), then as a researcher (1989-92) and now as a lecturer in Transport Economics. He has research interests in the economics of transport regulation and in demand forecasting methods. His experience includes aggregate and disaggregate modelling (with both revealed preference and stated preference data) in areas such as the demand for freight transport and the demand for rail transport, and some modelling work on road pricing.
  • Recent projects include: "Modelling the potential for diverting inter-urban passenger to rail" sponsored by ESRC, where much use was made of the theoretical relationships between elasticities in order to ensure consistency of the different modelling approaches; an EPSRC-funded project "Advancing Stated Preference Design", which has provided a new method of producing efficient statistical designs; and EU-funded work on Pricing European Transport Systems (PETS) and modelling freight transport (STEMM). He also made methodological contributions to the London Road Pricing Elasticities Project and the Urban Transport Market: Theoretical Analysis project, both funded by the Department of Transport, and to the London Underground Fares Elasticity Research. His expertise in the area of deducing cross-elasticities was used recently in providing assistance to the Monopolies and Mergers Commission. His work on the regulation of taxis has led to contributions to the previous government's review of legislation. Other work has been on concessionary fares, the economics of travelcards and travel passes, and the economics of tolled river crossings.


  • B.Soc.Sc., Economics with Modern Economic History, University of Birmingham
  • M.A., Transport Economics, University of Leeds
  • Ph.D., University of Leeds


  • Toner JP (2010) The welfare effects of taxicab regulation in English towns, Economic Analysis and Policy, 40, pp.299-312.
  • Batley RP; Toner JP; Knight MJ (2004) A mixed logit model of U.K. household demand for alternative-fuel vehicles, International Journal of Transport Economics, 31, pp.55-77.
  • Moayyedi P; Wardman M; Toner J; Ryan M; Duffett S (2002) Establishing patient preferences for gastroenterology clinic reorganization using conjoint analysis, European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 14, pp.429-433. doi: 10.1097/00042737-200204000-00017
  • Nash CA; Toner JP (1999) Competition in the railway industry, OECD Journal of Competition Law and Policy, 1, pp.197-227.
  • Gwilliam K; Toner JP (1998) Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport, Transport Reviews, 18, pp.327-330.
  • Wardman MR; Toner JP; Whelan GA (1997) Interactions between rail and car in the inter-urban leisure travel market in Great Britain, Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 31, pp.163-181.
  • Mackie PJ; Toner JP; Coombe D (1996) A critical comment on the COBACHECK method of estimating the effects of induced traffic on the economic benefits of road schemes, Traffic Engineering & Control, 37, pp.500-502.
  • Toner JP (1996) English experience of deregulation of the taxi industry, Transport Reviews, 16, pp.79-94.


  • Toner JP; Mackie PJ (2010) Concessionary Travel - the Research Papers, Institute for Transport Studies University of Leeds.

Book Chapters

  • Watson SM; Toner JP; Fowkes AS; Wardman MR (2000) Efficiency properties of orthogonal stated preference designs, In: Ortuzar JDD (Ed) Stated Preference Modelling Techniques, Perspectives 4, PTRC Eductation and Research Services Ltd, pp.91-101.


Conference Papers

Conference Presentations

  • Toner JP; Dargay JM; Liu R (2010) CONCESSIONARY BUS FARES IN ENGLAND: THE IMPACT ON BUS TRAVEL BY THE OVER-60S, European Transport Conference .
  • Toner JP; Dargay; J M; Clark SD; Johnson DH; Wardman M (2010) Long distance travel in Great Britain to 2030: a forecasting model, World Confrerence on Transport research .
  • Chen H; Dave K; Toner J (2009) Examining the Effect of Attribute Representation on Preference Uncertainty, International choice Modelling Conference 2009 .
  • Dave K; Chen H; Toner J (2008) Levels of Output, Information for Rules Formation and Stochastic Error Effect on Fuzzy Logic Choice Probability: A Comparison of Fuzzy Logic and SP Models, The 10th International Conference on Applications of Advanced Technologies in Transportation (AATT) .
  • Wardman MR; Dargay JM; Toner JP (2007) Modelling Approaches to Support Rail Fares Regulation in Scotland, WCTR 2007, Berekeley, 25- 28 June .
  • Whelan GA; Toner JP; Wardman MR; Nash CA; Batley RP (2005) Optimal Fares Regulation for Britain’s Railways, European Transport Conference, AET 2005 .
  • Batley RP; Knight M; Toner JP (2003) A Mixed Logit Model of the Demand for Alternative Fuel Vehicles, UTSG Conference, 2003. .
  • Whelan GA; Toner JP; Mackie PJ; Preston JM (2001) Modelling Quality Bus Partnerships, 9th World Conference on Transport Research, Seoul, Korea. pp.pp.4115.
  • Toner JP (2001) The London Bus Tendering Regime - Principles and Practice, 7th International Conference on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport .
  • Moayyedi P; Wardman MR; Toner JP; Duffett S; Axon A (2000) Establishing Patient Preferences for One-Stop Gastrointestinal Clinics Using Conjoint Analysis, British Society of Gastroenterology, London .
  • Toner JP; Wardman MR; Whelan GA (1999) Testing Recent Advances in Stated Preference Design, PTRC European Transport Conference, Cambridge .
  • Nash CA; Toner JP; Beaumont HC; Jansson JO; Lindberg G (1999) Towards fair and efficient pricing in transport - issues and prospects, Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Transport Research 2, pp.293-304.
  • Toner JP; Clark SD; Watson SM; Fowkes AS (1999) Anything you can do, we can do better: a provocative introduction to a new approach to stated preference design, Proceedings of the 8th World Conference on Transport Research 3, pp.107-120.
  • Fowkes AS; Toner JP (1998) Freight mode/route choice modelling with limited data, Proceedings 26th European Transport Forum, held at Loughborough University, September, London, PTRC Education and Research Services Ltd. Seminar E Vol II, pp.147-164.
  • Toner JP (1997) Towards optimal regulation in the taxi industry, presented at Fifth International Conference on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport, Leeds, UK .
  • Wardman MR; Toner JP (1996) Issues in Model Specification, Paper presented at PTRC International Conference on Value of Time, Wokingham .
  • Toner JP; Wardman MR; Whelan GA (1995) Competitive interactions in the inter-urban travel market in Great Britain, PTRC European Transport Forum .

Other Publications

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