Institute for Transport Studies (ITS)

Staff photo

Dr Gustav Markkula

Associate Professor

Phone: +44 (0)113 34 39832
Room: Driving Simulator (4.20f Physics Deck)
Research Group: Human Factors and Safety

I am always on the lookout for good prospective PhD students. If you have a project idea that relates to my research, or would like to hear project suggestions from me, don't hesitate to get in touch (contact info above).

Research Interests

  • Driver behaviour
  • Perception and sensorimotor control
  • Decision-making
  • Driver distraction
  • Interaction between road users (including automated vehicles)
  • Mathematical modelling of behaviour
  • Neurobiologically plausible models of behaviour
  • Vehicle safety
  • Vehicle automation
  • Virtual testing

Employment History

  • 2015-present, Associate Professor, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds
  • 2014-2015, Technology Specialist Driver Behaviour Modelling, Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Sweden
  • 2004-2014, Systems Engineer, Volvo Group Trucks Technology (formerly Volvo Technology), Sweden


  • PhD, Driver behavior models for evaluating automotive active safety, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, 2015
  • MSc Engineering Physics / Complex Adaptive Systems, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, 2004 

 Research Projects and Experience

  • L3PILOT, EU H2020 Research and Innovation Action, 2017-2021. Co-Investigator, evaluating human factors of vehicle automation in a large-scale field operational test.
  • interACT (Designing cooperative interaction of automated vehicles with other road users in mixed traffic environments), EU H2020 Research and Innovation Action, 2017-2020. Co-Investigator, modelling and simulating human-AV traffic interactions.
  • TRANSITION (Transport safety in automated vehicles), EPSRC Research Grant, 2017-2020. Co-Investigator, applying driver steering models in virtual testing tools.
  • HumanDRIVE, Innovate UK innovation project, 2017-2019. Role: Co-Investigator, modelling driver behaviour to allow AVs to drive like a (safe) human.
  • Programme for Simulation Innovation (PSi) Theme 3 Driving Simulation, funded by EPSRC/Jaguar Land Rover, 2015-2018, Principal Investigator, improving methods for using and assessing driving simulators as a tool for vehicle development.
  • Quantitive Driver Behaviour Modelling for Active Safety Assessment (QUADRA), funded by VINNOVA, Sweden, 2010-2015. Industrial PhD student.
  • QUADRA pre-study, funded by VINNOVA, Sweden, 2009. Project manager.
  • Methods for design and evaluation of heavy vehicle stability systems, funded by ViP/VINNOVA, Sweden, 2008-2009. Researcher.
  • Open Platform for Nomadic Devices, VINNOVA, Sweden, 2008-2009. Researcher.
  • Adaptive Integrated Driver-vehicle InterfacE (AIDE), EC FP6 Integrated Project, 2005-2008, Researcher (2005-2006) and Coordinator (2007-2008).
  • In-house Volvo projects relating to driver distraction monitoring and driver workload management, 2004-2010. Systems engineer, prototype development.


Book Chapters

  • Engström J; Victor T; Markkula G (2013) Attention selection and multitasking in everyday driving: A conceptual model, Driver Distraction and Inattention: Advances in Research and Countermeasures, 1, pp.27-54.


  • Victor T; Bärgman J; Boda C-N; Dozza M; Engström J; Flannagan C; Lee JD; Markkula G (2014) Safer Glances, Driver Inattention, and Crash Risk: An Investigation Using the SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study, .
  • Markkula G; Karlsson A-S; Laine L; Dela N (2011) A pilot evaluation of using large movement driving simulator experiments to study driver behaviour influence on active safety systems for commercial heavy vehicles, .

Conference Papers

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